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SYNOPSIS

SPPE 1002 - BASIC OF ENGINEERING DRAWING

This course, a foundation for any advanced engineering courses, gives exposure to students with the basics of drawing methods in engineering drawing. Emphasis will be given on the construction and interpretation of geometrical drawing, lines, writing techniques and lettering, dimensioning, orthographic projection, isometric drawing, oblique drawing, auxiliary and revolved view and the skills of using drawing instruments appropriately.

References
1. Besterfield, D. H dan Hagan, R. E. (1990). Technical Sketching For Engineers, Technologist and
Technician. (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
2. Bethune, J. D. (1987). Essential of Drafting. (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
3. Earle, J. H. (1995). Graphics Technology. Massachussetts: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.
4. Jensen, C. dan Helsel, J. D. (1990). Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing. (3rd ed.). New York: Mc Graw Hill.
5. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1993). Sukatan Pelajaran Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah: Lukisan Kejuruteraan Tingkatan 4 dan 5. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
6. Sadamatsu, J. dan Sadamatsu, S. (1985). Design Drafting. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.


SPPE 1012 - BASIC TRADE

This course will give emphasis on practical work to the fundamentals of craft work across the areas of building construction, electrical and electronic technology as well as mechanical engineering.

References
1. Corbett, S. (2007). The Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking. London: Lorenz Books.
2. Ibrahim Che Muda dan N. Ramudran (1995). Teknologi Bengkel Mesin. K. Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
3. Koel, L. (2004). Carpentary. (4th ed.). United States of America: American Technical Publisher.
4. Abdul Samad Hanif (1988). Pemasangan dan Penyenggaraan Elektrik. K. Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.


SPPE 1022 - ENGINEERING DRAWING 1

This course is a continuation of the Basic Engineering Drawing course. Students will be taught various topics of geometrical constructions namely development, intersection, perspective drawing, and sectional drawing. Students will also learn the application of engineering drawings in the real-life contexts such as in the area of architecture, electric and electronic engineering, mechanical engineering and the piping systems.

References
1. Besterfield, D. H. and Hagan R. E. (1990). Technical Sketching for Engineers, Technologist and Technician. (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
2. Boundy, A. W. (2002). Engineering Drawing. (6th ed.). Australia: McGraw-Hill.
3. Jensen, C. and Helsel, J. D. (1990). Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing. (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
4. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1993). Sukatan Pelajaran Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah : Lukisan Kejuruteraan Tingkatan 4 dan 5. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
5. Madsen, D. A., Madsen, D. P. and Turpin, L. E. (2007). Engineering Drawing and Design. Clifton Park, New York: Delmar Thomson Learning.


SPPE 1033 - WORKSHOP SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT


This course will discuss teachers' responsibility towards management, safety and health in the context of workshop and work place of Technical and Vocational Education. Discussion will include the Occupational Safety and Health Act, approaches for hazard avoidance, safety and relation to physical facilities, environment, mechanical hazards, the use of personal safety equipment and first aids. At the end of the course students should be able to identify potential hazards particularly in the workshop, and plan strategies to improve safety practices as well as school workshop management.

References
1. Tooma, M. (2008). Safety, security, health and environment law. Sydney: Federation Press
2. Stapelberg, R. F. (2009). Handbook of reliability, availability, maintainability and safety in engineering design. London: Springer
3. Asfahl, Ray C. (1995). Industrial Safety and Health Management, (3rd ed.). Prentice Hall.
4. Covan, J. (1995). Safety Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


SPPE 1102 - WOOD-WORK PRACTICE

This course introduces students to the practice in civil engineering trades. The course also emphasizes on practical work in using hand tools and machines to build parts of the building made of wood such as door, window and door leaves, and ladders and so on.

References
1. Hore, A. V. et al. (1997). Construction 2: Environment, Science, Material and Technology. London: MacMillan
2. Seeley, I. H. (1995). Building Technology. (5th ed.). England: MacMillan.
3. Greeno, R. (1995). Principles of Construction. (2nd ed.). Essex: Longman.
4. Tan Boon Tong (1991). Teknologi Binaan Bangunan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka.
5. Barry, R. (1980). The Construction of Building. London: English Language Book Society & Granada Publishing Ltd.


SPPE 1322 - CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS


This course exposes students to the characteristics and properties of building materials, uses, experiments and practical work done in construction work, learn how to estimate costs and prepare a business plan. In addition, students will practice the practical work in workshops and visits to the construction site to expand the knowledge, skills and experience.

References
1. Allen, E. (1990). Fundamentals of Building Construction : Materials and Methods. John Wiley & Sons : New York
2. Allen, E. and Iano, J. (2005). Fundamentals of Building Construction : Materials and Methods (4th ed.). John Wiley : Hoboken, New Jersey.
3. Dean, Y. (1996). Materials Technology. Essex Longman : Harlow.


SPPE 1332 - BASIC ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY

The topic to be discussed in this course include developments in the field of electrical and electronic present and future: Basic electrical and electronics; measurement equipment; Kirchhoff s Law and Ohm's law; types of circuits; Connection electronic circuits using transistors and integrated circuit (IC) and an introduction to the concept of digital and analog. Include theoretical and practical learning as well as the emphasis on design and innovation.

References
1. Duff J.R & Kaufman. Alternating Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publishers, New York: 1980
2. Floyd, T.L. Prinsiples of Elektric Circuits, 5th Edn. Prentice-Hall International, New Jersey:1997
3. Goodall F & Rishton D.K. Prinsip Elektrik dan Elektronik (Terjemahan). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka: Kuala Lumpur.
4. Gerrish H.H . Electricity and Electronics. The Goodhearth-Wilcox , Illinois: 1980
5. Grob, B. Basic Electronics. McGraw-Hill, Singapore: 1986
6. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu : Elektif Kemahiran Manipulatif Tambahan (Tingkatan 1-3). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur: 1991
7. Loper, D.E. Direct Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publisher: 1984
8. Schuler, C.A. Electronics Principles and Applications 4th Edn. International Editions, McMilan- Mcgraw-Hill, New York: 1994


SPPE 1622 - CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY


This course provides the knowledge and experience to the students about the construction work. Students will be exposed to aspects of general safety at construction sites, use of equipment / machinery, read and understand engineering drawings, joinery, joinery in woodworking and building construction, plans to mark the site, while the base of the building and construction, the construction of floors, walls and walls, doors, windows and arches, staircases, roofs, drainage and sewerage, and electricity.

References
1. Barritt, C. H. M. (1987). Construction Technology : Level 2. Longman Scientific and Technical : Harlow.
2. Chandler, I. E. (1987). Building Technology. Mitchell : London
3. Chudley, R. (2005). Construction Technology. Prentice Hall : New York.
4. Fleming, E. (2005). Construction Technology : An Illustrated Introduction. Blackwell : Oxford.
5. Fullerton, R. L. (1980). Construction Technology : Level 1. University Press : Oxford.


SSPPE 1132 - LATHE MACHINE OPERATION


In this course students will be exposed on the metal lathe machine operations. This course is to provide exposure, practical knowledge and application of machining processes in production of good as needed by the manufacturing sector. Emphasis will be given on the machine shop safety, the use of hand tools, and materials selection methods. At the end of the course students should be able to explain the structure and function, choose appropriate toolbit and operate metal lathe machine according to standard procedures.

References
1. Krar, Stephen F. (2005). "Machine Tools and Manufacturing Technology" . Albany : Delmer
2. Richard R Kibbe (2008), "Machines tool practices", New York : John Wiley


SPPE 1142 - AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION TECHNOLOGY


In this course students will be exposed to the air-conditioning and refrigeration systems. In teaching and learning processes, students will be exposed to the basic equipment servicing procedures and laboratory safety rules. Students will learn various types of testing equipment and reading and sketching cooling and air conditioning systems. At the end of the course, students should be able to identify and testing the main components of refrigeration and air conditioning systems, to explain the nature of the refrigerant and operating procedures of each component.

References
1. Ursula Eicker. "Low energy cooling for sustainable buildings", West Sussex, UK : John Wiley, 2009
2. Samuel C. Sugarman, "HVAC fundamentals, 2nd ed." Boca Raton, FL : Fairmont Press, 2007
3. Martynn Randall, "Air Conditioning &Heating Manua", Somerset : Haynes Publishing, 2006
4. Basics room conditioning / Oliver Klein, Jorg Schlenger. Boston, MA : Birkhaeuser Verlag AG, 2008


SPPE 1212 - METAL FABRICATION PRACTICES

This course introduces the knowledge and information about working principles, methods and equipment that related to metal fabrication technology. At the end of this course, students should be able to identify appropriate hand tools, using measuring devices, explain and use cutting and shaping machines. Aspects of fabrication skills are the main focus of this course, the emphasis on metal fabrication practices and classification of mechanical properties of metals will be prioritized.

References
1. Jeffus, L. F. (2004). Metal fabrication technology for agriculture. New York: Thomson/Delmar Learning
2. Kenyon, W. (2007). Welding and fabrication technology. London Pitman.
3. Kok, T. S. (2005). Teknologi Kimpalan dan Fabrikasi Logam. Shah Alam: Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.


SPPE 1242 - AIR-CONDITIONING & REFRIGERATION SERVICING


This course focuses on students servicing skills in refrigeration and air conditioning equipment such as domestic refrigerators, window-type air conditioners, and split type air conditioner. Students will learn how to use hand tools, related machines, testing equipments, and basic cycle of refrigeration and air conditioning systems. Students will acquire skills to form brass piping and making the connection of metal in the cooling system. At the end of this course, students should be able to service air conditioning equipment in accordance to establish procedures and perform maintenance of air conditioning unit.

References

1. Ursula Eicker. "Low energy cooling for sustainable buildings", West Sussex, UK : John Wiley, 2009
2. Samuel C. Sugarman (2007), "HVAC fundamentals, 2nd ed." Boca Raton, FL : Fairmont Press,
3. Martynn Randall, (2006) "Air Conditioning &Heating Manual", Somerset : Haynes Publishing,
4. Oliver K., and Jorg S., (2008). Basics room conditioning Boston, MA : Birkhaeuser Verlag AG,


SPPE 1332 - PETROL ENGINE VEHICLES


This course introduces current knowledge and practical experiences that related to the automotive petrol vehicles. At the end of the course students should be able to explain the concept of vehicle cooling systems, ignition systems, braking systems and automotive starter systems. Emphasis will be given on systems in petrol engine vehicles such as construction and the operation of gasoline engines, fuel systems, power transmission systems, steering systems, suspension systems and tires. Students will master the skills to inspect, repair, overhaul and testing of petrol engine vehicles.

References
1. James D. Halderman and Jim Linder (2006), "Automotive Fuel And Emissions Control Systems, 1st Ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
2. James D. Halderman and Chase D. Mitchell, Corey W. Glassman (2006), "Advanced engine performance diagnosis, 3rd ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
3. Hiroshi Yamagata (2005),"The Science And Technology Of Materials In Automotive Engines", London : Woodhead Publishing Limited.
4. Tim Gilles and Clifton Park (2007), "Automotive Engines : Diagnosis, Repair, Rebuilding, 5th ed", NY : Delmar Cengage Learning.
5. James D. Halderman (2008), "Automotive Electricity And Electronics, 2nd ed", Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall.
6. James D. Halderman (2009), "Automotive engines : theory and servicing, 6th ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall


SPPE 1432 - AUTOMOTIVE II: DIESEL ENGINE

The course covers the knowledge and practical training that related to the automotive diesel vehicles. Emphasis will be given on systems in diesel engine vehicles such as fuel and exhaust systems. Students will be exposed to the skills of diagnosing and servicing of diesel engines and major systems. At the end of this course, students should be able to identify the main parts of diesel engines and repairing damage to the engine on diesel engine vehicles.

References
1. Timothy V. Johnson (2007), "Diesel Particulate Filter Technology", Warrendale, PA. : SAE International.
2. James D. Halderman and Jim Linder (2006), "Automotive Fuel And Emissions Control Systems, 1st Ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
3. James D. Halderman and Chase D. Mitchell, Corey W. Glassman (2006), "Advanced engine performance diagnosis, 3rd ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
4. Hiroshi Yamagata (2005),"The Science And Technology Of Materials In Automotive Engines", London : Woodhead Publishing Limited.
5. Tim Gilles and Clifton Park (2007), "Automotive Engines : Diagnosis, Repair, Rebuilding, 5th ed", NY : Delmar Cengage Learning.
6. James D. Halderman (2008), "Automotive Electricity And Electronics, 2nd ed", Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall.
7. James D. Halderman (2009), "Automotive engines : theory and servicing, 6th ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall.


SPPE 1452 - MILLING MACHINE OPERATION

In this course students will be exposed to milling machine operations. Emphasis will be given on safety, structures and functions of milling machines. At the end of the course, students should be able to identify appropriate toolbit and perform milling work in accordance to establish procedures such as gear cutting and helical groove. The course was introduced in order to produce a skilled workforce with a strong knowledge to handle most of the milling process in the field machine.

References
1. Richard R. Kibbe et al (2006), "Machine Tool Practices, 8th. Ed", Upper Saddle River, New Jersey : Pearson Education Inc.
2. Steve F. Krar, Arthur R. Gill, Peter Smid (2005),"Technology Of Machine Tools, 6th Ed", New York : McGraw-Hill.
3. P. N. Rao (2009), "Manufacturing Technology : Metal Cutting And Machine Tools", New Delhi, India : Mcgraw Hill Higher Education.


SPPE 2012 - TEACHING METHODS IN TVE

This course is designed to expose students with teaching and learning methods that relevant with Technical and Vocational Education in the context of schools and vocational training institutions. Discussion includes the preparation of lesson planning for both theoretical and practical classes.

References
1. Newcomb, L.H. (2004). Methods of Teaching Agriculture. 3rd. ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
2. Jacobsen, D. A., Eggen, P. and Kauchak, D. (2002). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning. (6th.ed). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
3. Arends, R. I (1994). Learning to Teach. (3rd ed.) New York: Mc Graw-Hill.
4. Clark, L. H. & Starr, I. S. (1991). Secondary and Middle School Teaching Methods. New York: Macmillan Publishing


SPPE 2022 - FUNDAMENTAL OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATIO
N

This course discusses the philosophy, concepts and functions of Technical & Vocational Education, particularly in providing manpower for the development and progress of the industry. The course also discusses on the system, development and history of Technical Education especially in Malaysia.

References
1. Evan R.N. (1971). Foundations of Vocational Education. Ohio : Charles E. Meril Publishing
2. Roberts.R.W. (1971). Vocational and Practical Arts Education. New York: Harper & Row
3. Philipp Grollmann & Felix Rauner (2006). International perspectives on teachers and lecturers in technical and vocational education. London: Springer


SPPE 2032 - BASIC INVENTION


The course is designed based on the emphasis on creativity and consisting of conceptual works in a broader sense. These include finding solutions to the needs and problems of their societal environment. Knowledge and skills acquired from this course can enhance or redesign the existing products or solutions. Students will use their knowledge from various learning sources. In addition, these innovative practices can also provide a relevant context for the purpose of the study to better understand and apply the design knowledge and skills.

References
1. Jackson, P. L. (2010). Getting Design Right: A System Approach. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.
2. Niku, B. S. (2009). Creative Design of Production and System. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
3. Ulrich, K. T. and Eppinger, S. D. (1995). Product Design and Development. New York: McGraw-Hill.
4. Wright, I. C. (1998). Design Methods in Engineering and Product Design. London: McGraw-Hill.
5. Cross, N. (2000). Engineering Design Methods: Strategies for Product Design. Chichester: John Wiley.
6. Cushman, W. H. dan Rosenberg, D. J. (1991). Human Factors in Product Design. Amsterdam: Elsevier
7. Harper, C. H. (ed.). (2001). Handbook of Materials for Product Design. New York: McGraw-Hill.
8. Hollins, B. (1989). Successful Product Design : What to Do and When?. Boston: Butterworth.
9. Ulrich, K. T. dan Eppinger, S. D. (1995). Product Design and Development. New York: McGraw-Hill.
10. Wright, I. C. (1998). Design Methods in Engineering and Product Design. London: McGraw-Hill.


SPPE 2052 BASIC FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION

This course aims to provide knowledge, skills and experience to students in the process of making furniture. The main aspects which will be given in this course is the work safety , leadership skills, identifying, selecting and estimating materials, the application of wood work practice, use and maintain equipment / machine, execute the installation, do the work finishes , perform quality assurance and control, and perform other related work as well.


SPPE 2112 COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING DRAWING

This course will expose students to AutoCAD software applications in the production of geometric drawings and two-dimensional engineering drawings. The students are also will be exposed on how to create the three-dimensional models using the AutoCAD software.

References
1. Shumaker, T.M. and Madsen, D.A. (2007). AutoCAD and Its Application. The Goodheart-Willcox Company Inc.
2. Wohler T.T., (2006). Applying AutoCAD. Glenco Pub. Company
3. Kolarevic B. (2005). AutoCAD and Its Application. Illionis: The Goodheart-Willcox Company Inc.
4. Keith, S. & Omura, G. (2009). Mastering AutoCAD 2010 for mechanical engineers. Sybex Inc.
5. Wilson, J. (2008). AutoCAD: A Visual Approach. Autodesk Press.


SPPE 2202 - DOMESTIC WIRING PRACTICES

The course exposed students to relevant domestic electrical wiring. Students will be exposed in detail in the form of theory and practical wiring related to electricity, types of circuits, electrical accessories, cable, wiring systems, electrical circuit protection systems, protection, earthing and circuit testing. Emphasis will also include practical skills related to the surface wiring, conduit pipe and casing single phase.

References
1. Abdul Samad Hanis, (1988). Pemasangan dan penyenggaraan elektrik. K. Lumpur; DBP
2. Bartkiw & SooKhoo, (1999). Teknologi Sistem Elektrik, Terjemahaan. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
3. Bell, E. C (1987). Basic Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation for Engineers/ 3rd. London Collins ed Prentice Hall.
4. Burdett, Geoffrey (1997). Home Electric.1 Household Appliances Electric -Maintenance and Repair.
5. Duncan, C & Stocks, E. G. (1988). Pemasangan LitarEelektrik. Kuala Lumpur Golden Book Centre.
6. Fitzgerald, Arthur Eugene (1975). Basic Electrical Engineering 4th ed. New York : mcGraw-Hill,
7. Kirwin, Gerald J. (1980). Basic Circuit Analysis. Dallas : Houghton Mifflin Co.
8. Loper, Orla E. (1979). Basic Electricity and Electronics. 3rd ed. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold
9. Nazi b Mustafa (2004). Pendawaian Domestik. Kuala Lumpur: Edu System.


SPPE 2212 - BRICK WORK PRACTICES


This course introduces students to the practice of construction the main part of a building such as walls, walls, pillars and arches. It emphasizes the practical work such as laying bricks with various types of bonds in the masonry, arch construction, finishing work, such as plaster, tile installation and so on. In addition, students will learn theories such as the provision of brick, mortar and concrete.

References
1. Hore, A. V. et al (1997). Construction 2 : Environment, Science, Material and Technology, MacMillan : London
2. Knight, T. (1997). Creative Brickwork, Arnold : London
3. Seeley, I. H. (1995). Building Technology (5th ed.), MacMillan : England


SPPE 2422 - INDUSTRIAL WIRING PRACTICES

This course provides knowledge to students related to the wiring industry. Students will be exposed through theoretical and practical activities related to electricity supply 3-phase act, the introduction of three-phase electrical systems, circuits, wiring and industrial wiring accessories, earthing protection system and testing of three phase wiring. In addition, students will be exposed to theoretical and practical knowledge related to electric motor system.

References
1. Whitfield, John Frederic (1966). Electrical Installations and Regulations. Oxford: Pergamon.
2. Graham, Kennard C. (1963). Industrial and Commercial Wiring. 2nd ed. Chicago : American Technical Society
3. Smith, Robert L., and Herman, Stephen L. (1987). Electrical Wiring Industrial. 6th ed. New York : Delmar Pub
4. Earl, John T. (1987). Industrial Electrical Wiring : Design and Application. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall


SPPE 2122 - BASIC WELDING AND METAL FABRICATION

This course will provide practical experiences in the arc and gas welding and metal fabrication work that associated with both processes. This course also provides theoretical and practical exposures in welding and metal fabrication work. Students will be exposed to the use of welding, how to operate the equipment, work processes, and create projects related to welding and metal fabrication. At the end of the course, students will discuss and perform the welding processes practically. Students will also be able to make demonstrations and apply knowledge and skills in preparing and presenting the processes of manufacturing technology.

References
1. Cary, H. B. (2005). Modern Welding Technology. 6th. ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
2. Rao, P. N. (2009). Manufacturing Technology : Foundry, Forming and Welding. 3rd. ed. New Delhi India : McGraw-Hill.
3. Sacks, R. J. (2005). Welding : Principles and Practices. 3rd. ed. Boston : MCGraw-Hill.


SPPE 2142 - GRINDING MACHINE OPERATION


This course is a course where students will be exposed to the grinding machine operations. Emphasis will be given on safety while using grinding machine, it structure and the function, the selection of appropriate toolbit, and perform grinding work properly. At the end of this course, students
should be able to perform the surface grinding, cylindrical grinding, grinding the toolbit and grinding the spindle according to correct procedures. The course was introduced in order to produce a skilled workforce with a strong knowledge to handle most of the processes and facilities that related to machine grinding.


References
1. Richard R. Kibbe et al (2006), "Machine Tool Practices, 8th. Ed", Upper Saddle River, New Jersey : Pearson Education Inc.
2. Steve F. Krar, Arthur R. Gill, Peter Smid (2005), "Technology Of Machine Tools, 6th Ed", New York : McGraw-Hill.
3. P. N. Rao (2009), "Manufacturing Technology : Metal Cutting And Machine Tools", New Delhi, India : Mcgraw Hill Higher Education.


SPPE 2222 - MAINTENANCE OF MOTORCYCLE AND SMALL ENGINE

This course provides an opportunity for students to develop a practical approach to repair motorcycle engines and single or two cylinders small engines. Students are also exposed to the major motorcycle parts such as ignition, fuel, lubrication, cooling, and starter, break and gear systems. Emphasis will be given on the skills to diagnose trouble motorcycles and small engines. At the end of the course, students will acquire skills in the servicing and maintenance of wheels, brakes, suspension systems, power transmission systems and electrical systems.

References
1. Ed Abdo (2009), "Modern Motorcycle Technology", Clifton Park, NY : Delmar Cengage Learning.
2. Matthew Coombs (2002), "Motorcycle Basics Techbook, 2nd Ed", England : Haynes Manuals.
3. Bacon, R. (1979). Understanding your motorcycle. London: Macmillan.
4. Lear, G., & Mosher, L. S. (1977). Motorcycle mechanics Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
5. Robinson, J. (1977). The motorcycle doctor. Kingswood, Surrey: Elliot Rightway.
6. Schultz, N. (1977). Complete guide to motorcycle repair and maintenance. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
7. Webster, J., & Putnam, R. (1986). Motorcycle operation and service. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall


SPPE 2232 - COMPUTERIZED MACHINING

In this course students will be exposed to the computerized machining in CNC machining processes. At the end of the course, students will be able to operate computerized machining that based on the operation of drilling holes, milling operations and lathe operations. Emphasis will be given to the use of codes and instructions in a computerized machining and replacement of toolbit. This course will be introduces in order to produce a skilled workforce that capable of handling most of the processes and facilities in the area of modern computerized machining.

References
1. Xu, X,. (2009). Integrating advanced computer-aided design, manufacturing, and numerical control : principles and implementations. Hershey, PA : Information Science Reference,
2. Ken E. (2007). Programming of computer numerically controlled machines. New York, NY. : Industrial Pr.


SPPE 2242 - DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING PRACTICES


This course is designed in order to produce students who have skills on installing domestic refrigeration and air conditioning systems at the same time practising good and safe working culture. At the end of the course, students should be able to identify the root of system problems and use correct method to fix it. In this course, emphasis will be given on the skills to identify domestic refrigeration and air conditioning operating system that consist of window and split type air conditioner. Students also learn operational aspects of each component and accessory in the cooling system. Students are also able to repair, maintain and install this equipment. Emphasis was also given to the safety and ethics at work.

References
1. Ursula Eicker (2009). "Low energy cooling for sustainable buildings", West Sussex, UK : John Wiley,
2. Samuel C. Sugarman (2007), "HVAC fundamentals, 2nd ed." Boca Raton, FL : Fairmont Press,
3. Martynn Randall (2006), "Air Conditioning &Heating Manual", Somerset : Haynes Publishing,
4. Basics room conditioning / Oliver Klein, Jorg Schlenger. (2008). Boston, MA : Birkhaeuser Verlag AG,


SPPE 2292 - WELDING INSPECTION

This course will expose students to the basic welding inspection in welding projects. Emphasis will be given on theoretical and practical techniques of welding inspection, welding inspection principles and identify related equipment in welding inspection. At the end of the course, students should be able to assess the quality of welding work in accordance to established procedures, as well as aquire exposure to the required standard or quality used in inspecting the welding joint.

References
1. Kennedy. Goner A. (2005) "Welding Technology (Second Edition)". Indianapolis : Bobbs-Merill Educational Pub.
2. Roger Timings. (2008). Fabrication And Welding Engineering. Oxford, UK : Newnes,|


SPPE 2322 - TIG WELDING

This course exposes students to basic knowledge and skills of TIG welding process. Emphasis is given on interpreting welding drawings, identifying and adjusting welding equipments. Students will also be exposed to theoritical and practical aspects when perform welding on plate and pipe in a variety of connection and position that based on the principles and advantages of TIG welding machine. At the end of the course, students should be able to evaluate welding output in accordance to prescribed procedures and standards.

References
1. (2008), "Welding And Joining And Fastening", Warrendale, PA : SAE International.
2. P. N. Rao (2009), "Manufacturing Technology : Foundry, Forming And Welding, 3rd Ed", New Delhi, India : McGraw-Hill.
3. Schell, F. R. (1977). Welding procedures: Oxyacetylene. TS227 .S33 1977 c.1


SPPE 2342 MIG WELDING


This course provides students with basic knowledge and skills of MIG welding process. Emphasis is given on interpreting welding drawings, identifying and adjusting welding equipment. Students will also be exposed to theoritical and practical aspects when perform welding on plate and pipe in a variety of connection and position that based on the principles and advantages of TIG welding machine. At the end of the course, students should be able to evaluate welding output in accordance to prescribed procedures and standards.

References
1. (2008), "Welding And Joining And Fastening", Warrendale, PA : SAE International.
2. P. N. Rao (2009), "Manufacturing Technology : Foundry, Forming And Welding, 3rd Ed", New Delhi, India : McGraw-Hill.
3. Schell, F. R. (1977). Welding procedures: Oxyacetylene. TS227 .S33 1977 c.1
4. Cary, H. B. (1979). Modern welding technology. Englewood Cloffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall
5. Bahagian Pendidikan Teknik dan Vokasional. (1987). Kurikulum sekolah menengah vokasional : kursus kimpalan dan fabrikasi logam. Kuala Lumpur: Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia
6. Kenyon, W. (1982). Welding and fabrication technology. London Pitman.
7. Kok, T. S. (1995). Teknologi Kimpalan dan Fabrikasi Logam. Shah Alam: Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.


SPPE 2252 MACHINE DRAWING

This course is a course where students will be exposed to the geometric drawing in mechanical machines which includes turning, milling, and grinding. In training sessions, students will be exposed to explode drawing of machine structures. Emphasis will be given to develop students' abilities to draw various types of line in the drawing. At the end of the course, students should be able to draw the main components of lathe machine, milling machine and grinding machine.

References
1. Sandhu Singh & P. L. Sah, "Fundamentals of Machine Drawing." (2003) India : Prentice Hall
2. K. L. Narayana, P. Kannaiaah, K. Venkata Reddy (2006)."Machine Drawing", New Delhi : New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers,
3. Leach, J. (2009). AutoCad 2009 instructor : a student guide to complete coverage of AutoCad's commands and features. New York, NY : McGraw-Hill


SPPE 2422 INDUSTRIAL AIR-CONDITIONING


This course provides students with theoretical knowledge of air conditioning in the industry. Students will be exposed through theoretical and practical activities related to 3 phase electricity supply, introduction to industrial air conditioning system, Industrial Air conditioning circuits, types of wiring in industrial air conditioning, earthing protection system and other test of industrial air conditioning. In addition, students will be exposed to theoretical and practical knowledge related to electric motor systems. At the end of the course students should be able to carry out practices in industrial air conditioning wiring, inspect and test their projects in accordance to standard rules and procedures.

References
1. Whitfield, John Frederic (1966). Electrical installations and regulations. Oxford: Pergamon.
2. Graham, Kennard C. (1963). Industrial and Commercial Wiring. 2nd ed. Chicago : American Technical Society
3. Smith, Robert L., and Herman, Stephen L. (1987). Electrical wiring industrial. 6th ed. New York : Delmar Pub
4. Earl, John T. (1987). Industrial Electrical Wiring : Design and Application. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall


SPPE 2432 AUTOMOTIVE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

This course is a course where students will be exposed to the automotive air-conditioning and electrical systems. In student learning, they will be introduced to the basic principles of vehicle air conditioning, the systems, and operational aspects of various components in automotive. Students will be exposed to the equipment, safety, maintenance and proper procedures for servicing automotive air conditioning system. At the end of the course, students will identify, test and inspect vehicle air conditioning systems to detect problems. Students will carry out repair work on air conditioning system based on practices according to standard safety regulations. The course will produce a skilled workforce with a strong knowledge that able to design, modify, and operate most of the processes and facilities in the area of automotive refrigeration and air conditioning.

References
1. Forrest W., O., & Bhatti M.S (2002). Energy efficient automotive air conditioning system / W.O Forrest, M. S. Bhatti. Warrendale, PA : SAE International
2. Khamis Y., & Petitjean C., (2000). Validation results of automotive passenger compartment and its air conditioning system modeling. Warrendale, PA : Society of Automotive Engineers


SPPE 3032 ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS

This course is designed to expose students in the architectural design process. The course also discusses about the drafter job specification. This course will focus on concepts, theories, and the practice of architecture, construction technology, materials, landscape layout, and laws related to domestic construction. At the end of this course students are expected to explain and discuss the process of developing architectural drawings. Students are also expected to make drawings of architecture and develop the architectural model and presenting the models.

References
1. George K. dan Harry J. (1981). Architectural Drafting (2nd ed.). New York : MacGraw-Hill Book Co.
2. Greeno, R., (1997). Building Services, Technoglogy and Design. Harlow . Essex : Longman.
3. Kolarevic, B. (1998). Architectural Modelling and Rendering . UK : John Wiley and Son.|


SPPE 3102 DOMESTIC PLUMBING PRACTICE


This course provides the knowledge, skills and experience to students about domestic plumbing work such as practicing the workshop safety, use and maintain equipment / machinery, identify and piping work, connections and fixtures, draw and interpret the relevant symbols in piping drawing, estimates the project cost, plumbing and installation of cold water system, hot water and sanitary facilities, welding and brazing, installing the main water supply pipes, sewerage system piping, and pumping grainage, and identify and maintain piping and sanitary systems.

References

1. Birdi, G. S. (1976). Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering 3 rd ed , New Delhi : Dhanpat Rai.
2. Doyle, K.M. (1990), Plumbing and Gas Fitting, Volume 2: Services and roofing , Plumbing, Wellington , N.Z: Gas & Drain laying Foundation
3. Hall, F. (1999), Teknologi Perpaipan, Edisi Kedua, Kuala Lumpur:DBP
4. Hall, F. (1999), Kerja paip: Pembekalan Air Sejuk, Saliran dan Pembersihan , Skudai Johor: Penerbit UTM
5. Smith, Lee (1989), Plumbing Technology , Albany , N.Y: Delmar Publisher


SPPE 3112 BUILDING SERVICES

This course introduces and emphasizes basic knowledge and skills related to aspects of building services. It consists of practices and laws of building services, water supply, sewage and waste handling systems, ventilation and lighting, air-conditioning systems, electrical supply systems, gas installations, fire protection systems and building mechanical systems. Understanding and skills in selecting and using equipment and materials as well as aspects related to safety also will be emphasized.

References
1. Greeno, R., (1997). Building Services, Technoglogy and Design. Harlow . Essex : Longman.
2. Seely, I. H. (1995). Building Technoglogy (5th ed.). Hants: Macmillan
3. Doyle, K.M. (1990). Plumbing and gas fitting, Volume 2: Services and Roofing, Plumbing. Wellington , N.Z: Gas & Drain laying Foundation
4. Hall, F. (1999), Teknologi Perpaipan, (edisi kedua). Kuala Lumpur:DBP
5. Hall, F. (1999), Kerja paip: Pembekalan Air Sejuk, Saliran dan Ppembersihan. Skudai Johor: Penerbit UTM


SPPE 3232 BASIC ELECTRICITY / ELECTRONICS CONTROL

The Course will exposed students to understand the automation control system in the industry. Introduction to function and malfunction of PLC is also given, especially in understanding the overall functioning of the PLC system including how to write a program, control equipment and understand how the maintenance of PLC systems.

References
1. Mikell P. Groover, Industrial Robotic, McGraw Hill
2. OMRON, Beginner Guide To PLC
3. Warnock and Ian G, Programmable Controller, Prentice Hall
4. Katsuhiko Ogata, Modern Control Engineering, Prentice Hall


SPPE 3242 GEOMETRY DRAWING FOR ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC

The course is introduction to basic principles of geometric drawings of electrical circuits. This course will also be revealed as well as guiding the interpretation of the actual circuit schematic drawing to the circuit schematic, and vice versa. This process includes an introduction to the symbols of the components, the use and interpretation of the block diagrams and rules involved exposure is also given to techniques to identify problems or failure of electrical circuits.

References
1. Gasperini, Richard E., Digital Troubleshooting, Movonics Company; Los Altos, California, 1976. Jensen - Helsel, Engineering Drawing and Design, Second Ed., McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1979.
2. Lenk, John D., Handbook of Logic Circuits, Reston Publishing Company, Reston, Virginia, 1972. Wickes, William E., Logic Design with Integrated Circuits, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1968.
3. Naval Auxiliary Machinery, United States Naval Institute, Annapolis, Maryland, 1951.
4. TPC Training Systems, Reading Schematics and Symbols, Technical Publishing Company, Barrington, Illinois, 1974.


SPPE 3512 BASIC ROBOTICS AND MECHATRONICS

This course includes discussion of basic concepts in mechatronics and robotics systems. This course will expose the students to the components of electrical, electronic and mechanical in a robotic system. Students also have an opportunity to identify applications of robotic systems in manufacturing.

References
1. Bolton, W. (1997). Pneumatic and Hydraulic System. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
2. Boltan, W. (1999). Mechatronic: Electronic Control Systems in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. 2nd Edition. London: Prentice Hall.


SPPE 3022 INDUSTRY AND TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

This course exposes students to the definition of the industry and its association with the Education and Technical and Vocational Education (TVE). Discussions will include management theory, organization theory, theory of operating systems, and the theory of quality control, development and management of organizations that include human resources, internal and external resources that contribute to the stability of the industry. Study history, contributions and the role of TVE in the past, present and future are discussed to identify the needs of innovation in the implementation of the PTV that will contribute to the nation development in the future. Thus the current challenges in the development of human resources through the PTV to meet the future needs of industry and career guidance are also disclosed. At the end of this course, students will able to discuss the role of TVE in the human development plan to meet present and future needs.

References
1. Poon Wai Chiang (2004). The Development of Malaysia Economy. Prentice Hall
2. Mohd Rosli Mohamad & Mohamed Aslam Gulam Hassan, Penyunting (2000). Pembangunan Ekonomi Malaysia Era Globalisasi. Penerbit Universiti Malaya
3. Mohd Khairuddin Hashim & Syed Azizi Wafa (2002). Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Malaysia; Development Issues. Prentice Hall
4. Duane Brown (2003). Career information, Career Counseling, and Career Development (8th ed.). Boston, Pearson Education, Inc


SPPE 3122 AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM

In this course, students will be exposed to the automotive air-conditioning and electrical systems. In teaching and learning processes they will be introduced to the basic principles of vehicle air-conditioning systems and operational terms of various components. At the end of the course, students should be able to use various automotive service equipments, explains related safety rules and conditions, perform maintenance and servicing of air conditioning parts according to the standard procedures. The course will be introduced in order to produce skilled workforce in the field of automotive refrigeration and air conditioning.

References
1. Mark S., (2009), "Today's Technician : Shop Manual For Automotive Heating And Air Conditioning, 4th Ed”", New York, NY : Delmar Cengage Learning.
2. Chadderton, D., V. (1997). (David Vincent), "Air conditioning : A Practical Introduction", London : E & FN Spon


SPPE 3222 GAS WELDING


This course provides a basic knowledge and skills to students in gas welding processes. Emphasis will be given on theoretical and practical techniques of gas welding, gas welding principles and identify an appropriate measuring and marking equipments. Welding work to be carried out is molten weld joints in the horizontal and vertical positions. At the end of the course, students will evaluate the quality of welding work as well as able to use suitable equipments in gas welding process that meet standard procedures.

References
1. Kennedy. Goner A. (2005) "Welding Technology (Second Edition)". Indianapolis : Bobbs-Merill Educational Pub.
2. Roger Timings. (2008). Fabrication And Welding Engineering. Oxford, UK : Newnes,

SPPE 3142 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM

Topics to be discussed in this course covers the present and past developments of electrical and electronic fields especially in basic electrical and electronic, measurement equipments, Kirchhoff s Law and Ohm's law, types of circuits, connection of electronic circuits using transistors and integrated circuits (IC), and the introduction of digital and analog concepts. At the end of the course students should be able carry out a three-phase industrial wiring in accordance to standard procedures and rules.

References
1. Duff J.R & Kaufman (2008). Alternating Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publishers, New York
2. Floyd, T.L. (2007). Principles of Electric Circuits, 5th Edtn. Prentice-Hall International, New Jersey


SPPE 3242 ARC WELDING


This course emphasizes a variety of skills to be mastered by students either in the theoretical and practical aspects of arc welding. Through this course, students will be exposed to the concepts, terminologies, processes and procedures of arc welding. At the end of the course, students should be able to explain the workshop safety aspects and able to read welding drawings and specifications and can carry out welding work in accordance to standard rules and procedures. Furthermore, emphasis will be given on practical work, especially those involving arc welding machines, welding equipment, welding techniques and methods.

References
1. Roger T., (2008). Fabrication and welding engineering. Oxford, UK : Newnes,
2. John N., (2006). Advanced welding processes: technologies and process control. Cambridge, UK : Woodhead Publishing,


SPPE 3252 GEOMETRICAL DRAWING FOR REFRIGERATION AND AIR-CONDITIONER

This course is a course where students will be exposed on geometrical drawing of refrigeration and air conditioning systems. In learning session, students will be exposed to the basic drawing in refrigeration and air conditioning, and translate the schematic to the wiring circuit diagrams. Students will learn various types of wiring drawing and and practice to read and draw geometric drawing of refrigeration and air conditioning systems. At the end of the course, students will identify and draw the main symbols in the refrigeration and air conditioning systems as well as to draw various types of wiring drawings in refrigeration and air conditioning systems

References
1. Ursula E. (2009). "Low energy cooling for sustainable buildings", West Sussex, UK : John Wiley,
2. Samuel C. S., (2007). "HVAC fundamentals, 2nd ed." Boca Raton, FL : Fairmont Press
3. Martynn R. (2006) "Air Conditioning &Heating Manual", Somerset : Haynes Publishing
4. Oliver K. (2008). Basics room conditioning / Oliver Klein, Jorg Schlenger. Boston, MA : Birkhaeuser Verlag AG
3. Fu K.S., Gonzalez dan Lee C.S.G. Lee (1987). Robotics : Control, Sensing, Vision, and Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill International
4. Salwani Mohd Daud et. al. (2003). Pengajian Kejuruteraan Elektrik dan Elektronik Tingkatan 5. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

SPPE 3262 AUTOMOTIVE GEOMETRY DRAWING

This course is a course where students will be exposed on the geometry drawing in automotive. In learning, students will be exposed to machine drawing of the engine structure. Emphasis will be given to develop students' ability in drawing various types of lines especially the main components found in two-stroke automotive engine, 4-stroke motorcycle engines and small engines. At the end of the course, students should be able to draw a wide range of automotive components and systems drawings accurately.

References
1. Besterfield, D. H dan Hagan, R. E. (1990). "Technical Sketching For Engineers, Technologist and Technician 2nd ed.", New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
2. Bethune, J. D. (1987). "Essential of Drafting 2nd ed.", New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
3. Earle, J. H. (1995)."Graphics Technology", Massachussetts: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.
4. Jensen, C. dan Helsel, J. D. (1990). "Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing 3rd ed.", New York: Mc Graw Hill.
5. Leach, J. (2009). AutoCad 2009 instructor : a student guide to complete coverage of AutoCad's commands and features. New York, NY : McGraw-Hill
6. Crouse, William Harry, and Anglin, Donald L.(1976), Automotive Fuel, Lubricating and Cooling Systems: Construction, Operation, and Maintenance. 5 th ed., New York : McGraw-Hill
7. Heywood, John B., (1988). Internal Combustion Engines: Fundamentals . New York : McGraw-Hill,
8. Pugh, Stuart (1991), Total Design: Integrated Methods for Successful Product Engineering, London : Addison-Wesley
9. Taylor, Charles Fayette.,(1985). The Internal Combustion Engine: Theory and Practices . 2 nd rev ed., Cambridge , Mass. : MIT Press.


SPPE 3542 MAINTENANCE OF PETROL AND DIESEL ENGINE


This course provides an opportunity for students to develop practical approaches in the servicing of petrol and diesel engines. At the end of the course, students should be able to perform periodic maintenance of main systems in petrol and diesel engines, such as brake system, lubrication system, starter systems, charging systems and suspension systems and tires. Students are also exposed to electrical and electronic systems in vehicles. Emphasis also given to maintain the accessories and equipment of petrol and diesel engines.

References
1. Tooma, M. (2008). Safety,security, health and environment law. Sydney : Federation Press.
2. James D. Halderman and Jim Linder (2006), "Automotive Fuel And Emissions Control Systems, 1st Ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
3. James D. Halderman and Chase D. Mitchell, Corey W. Glassman (2006), "Advanced engine performance diagnosis, 3rd ed”, Upper Saddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
4. Hiroshi Yamagata (2005),"The Science And Technology Of Materials In Automotive Engines", London : Woodhead Publishing Limited.
5. Tim Gilles and Clifton Park (2007), "Automotive Engines : Diagnosis, Repair, Rebuilding, 5th ed", NY : Delmar Cengage Learning.
6. James D. Halderman (2008), "Automotive Electricity And Electronics, 2nd ed", Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall.
7. James D. Halderman (2009), "Automotive engines : theory and servicing, 6th ed", Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall

SPPE 4052 WORKSHOP ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

This course will discuss the concepts and principles of laboratory management workshops and technical and vocational education. Topics of discussion include planning workshops, safety, equipment purchases, stock control and inventory, maintenance, and disposal. At the end of the course students are able to provide a layout plan in line with the requirements of the workshop curriculum, improvement plan workshop, prepare a plan equipment purchases, inventory control and maintain the equipment.|


References
1. George Storm, (1979). "Managing the Occupational Education Laboratory". Michigan : Prakken Publication Inc.
2. "Professional Teacher Education Module Series" (1983). Tha National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Ohio State University, Columbus.
3. e.tl (1976), "Modern School Shop Planning". Michigan : Prakken Publication Inc.
4. Jabatan Pendidikan Johor (1997). "Pengurusan Makmal Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu", Johor Bahru, JPN.
5. The National Centre For Research In Vocational Education (1983). "Professional Teacher Education Module Series". Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
6. Lloyd J. Phipps, Edward W. Osborne, James E. Dyer and Anna L. Ball (2000). Handbook on Agriculture Education in Public Schools (Sixth Edition). Thompson Pub.


SPPE 4212 ELECTRICAL MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR

This course provides knowledge of repair methods and maintenance of electrical and electronic equipment in a residential home. Students are exposed to the analysis of circuits, circuit trace, track, test the good and faulty circuits. Emphasis on maintaining a variety of domestic electrical appliances based heaters, motors and microwaves. Safety and increase the value of equipment will also be emphasized to be more effective, attractive and safe.

References
1. British Standard Institution (1987). "Electric Switchgear - Maintenance and Repair" Standard. London. BSI
2. Hewnham Robert W. (1967). "Household Appliances, Electric-Maintenance and Repair". Toronto: McGraw Hill, Canada
3. Ralph J. Smith, (1995). "Elektronik: Litar dan Peranti", Penterjemah: Abd Rahman Ramlli, Rahman Wagiran, Shahbudin Shaari, Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
4. Ralph J. Smith (1987). "Electronics: Circuit and Devices", 3rd Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons
5. Scharff, Robert (1976). "Basic of Electric Appliance Servicing : Fundamentals of Circuits, Motors and Heat". New York : McGraw Hill
6. Scharfr, Robert (1976). "Refrigeration and Refrigerating Machinery - Maintenance and Repair Household Appliances, Electric - Maintenance and Repair". New York : McGraw Hill


SPPE 4332 ENTREPRENEURSHIP

The concepts of entrepreneurship; entrepreneur and effort. The various definitions of entrepreneurship and entrepreneur; entrepreneurial traits, skills and knowledge needed by an entrepreneur. Small business: importance, problems and its effects. The entrepreneurial process and small business management. Entrepreneurship education including focus in business schools, training, benefits and implementation. The process in selecting and planning a business; self screening, franchising and financing.

References
1. Ashmore, C.M. & others (1987). Entrepreneurship as a Career Choice. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University. ERIC Document Reproduction Services No; ED 284 977.
2. Baumbeck, C. M. (1988). How to organize dan Operate a Small Business. 8th ed. Englewood, NJ: Prentice Hall.
3. Casson, M. (1982). The Entrepreneur. Totowa, NJ : Barnes & Noble Books.
4. Casson, M. (1990). Entrepreneurship. Vermont : Edward Edgar.
5. Clegg, G & Barrow, C. (1984). How to Start and Run Your Own Business. London :MacMillan Press.
6. Drucker, P.F. (1985). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. New York : Harper & Row
7. Journal of Business Venturing.
8. Gibb, Allan.A.(1987) Enterprise Culture - Its Meaning and Implications for Education and Training. Journal of European Industrial Training., 11 (2).pp.2-38.
9. Hatten, Timothy S. (1997) Small Business: Entrepreneurship and Beyond. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.


SPPE 4512 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY LAB

This course provides an introduction to the schematic circuit design; solder components: a circuit on a printed circuit board and “etching” technic. Students will master the practice and safety regulations in the practical work and the use of various test equipment. It also provides exposure to communication equipment such as transmitters, radio receivers and televisions. Students do a schematic circuit tracing; interpret circuit; identify the components and parts; observe and measure the signals and draw the waveform; measure the voltage at the points test for radio and television receivers


References
1. Grob, Bernard (1964). Basic Television: Principles dan Servicing. New York : McGraw-Hill.
2. Grob, Bernard; Herndon, Charles (2004). Basic Television dan Video System. New York : McGraw Hill.
3. Frye, J.T. (1961) Basic Radio Cpurse. Pensylvania
4. Poole, Ian (1998). Basic Radio: Principles and Technology. Wobum, MA: Newnes.
5. Prentiss, S.R (1974). Basic Color Television Course. Slough, Bucks : Foulsham
6. Zbar, P.B (1969) Basic Radio : Theory and Servicing.: a Text-lab Manual. New York : McGraw Hill.


SPPE 4702 MAINTENANCE & REPAIR OF RADIO AND TELEVISION


This course provides knowledge on how to repair and maintenance of radio and television. Students will be exposed to the use and maintenance servicing of equipment, functions and types of components in the radio and television analysis, and tracing the circuit. In addition, students will be exposed to the skills to locate, test and repair damages on the radio system and television.

References
1. Hellyer, H.W. (1976). Radio & Tv Question & Answer. London: Newnes Technical.
2. King, Gordon John.(1972). Radio, TV and Audio Test Instruments. London: Butterworths
3. Markus, John. (1961). Tv and Radio Repairing. New Delhi: Tata Mcgraw-Hill
4. Radio & TV Mechanic. (1974). New York: Learning Corporation.

SPPE 4173 JOB COMPETENCY-BASED MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT

This course discusses concept and definition of measurement and assessment in education based on competency. Students will be exposed to how the process of measurement and assessment based on competency being implemented in teaching and learning as well as the development of measurement instrument. The students will also be exposed to the organizations that involved directly in implementing measurement and assessment based on competency at the certificate level.

References
1. Berman, S. (2008) Performance-based learning: aligning experiential tasks and assessment to increase learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press,
2. Killen, R. (2005). Programming and assessment for quality teaching and learning. Australia: Thomson/Social Science Press
3. Wolf, A. (1995). Competence-based assessment. Buckingham, Eng.: Open University Press
4. Alabama State Department of Education (1978). Development Performance Objectives and Criterion-Referenced Measures for Performance-Based Instruction in Vocational Education. Montgomery: Division of Vocational Education.
5. Braden, P.V., dan Paul, K.K. (1975). Occupational Analysis of Education Planning. Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merill Publishing Co.
6. Mehren & Lehmann (1984). Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology (3rd ed.). New York: CBS College Publishing.
7. Remmers, Gage, & Rummel (1965). A Practical Introduction to Measurement and Evaluation. New York: Harper & Row.
8. Smith & Adam (1966). Educational Measurement for the Classroom Teacher. (2nded.). New York: Harper & Row, Publishers.
9. Thorndike (1997). Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education. (6th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.


SPPE 4612 BASIC PNEUMATIC AND HYDRAULIC


Pneumatic and hydraulic systems are widely used in the vehicle industry and other manufacturing industries. Thus, this course is designed to provide disclosure of knowledge and skills to students about the concepts and basic principles of pneumatic and hydraulic systems. At the end of the course, the students will be able to explain concepts and basic principles of pneumatic and hydraulic systems, identifying and selecting components and equipment, construct and test circuits pure pneumatic circuit, elekto-pneumatic, hydraulic and pure electro-hydraulic.

References
1. Bolton, W. (1997). Pneumatic and Hydraulic System. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
2. D. Merkle, B. Schrader dan M. Thomes. (1998). Hydraulics: Basic Level, Denkendorf, Germany: Festo Didactic GmbH & Co.
3. Teknologi Kejuruteraan Tingkatan 5, Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah, KL: Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.
4. SMC International Training. (1996). Pneumatic Technology 1, NSW: SMC Pneumatic (A) Ltd.
5. SMC International Training. (1996). Pneumatic Technology 1 Workbook, NSW: SMC Pneumatic (A) Ltd.
6. SMC International Training. (1998). Electro Pneumatic Technology 1, NSW: SMC Pneumatic (A) Ltd.
7. SMC International Training. (1998). Electro Pneumatic Technology 1 Workbook, NSW: SMC Pneumatic (A) Ltd.


SPPE 4632 MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT


This course will emphasize the welding machine maintenance experience in arc welding machines, TIG and MIG machines, gas welding equipment and spot welding machines. Theoretical and practical aspects that related to these processes will be discussed in the context of practical work in metal industries. At the end of the course, students can maintain and manage metal welding workshops which involving various appliances and machines.

References
1. Tooma, M. (2008). Safety,security, health and environment law. Sydney : Federation Press.
2. Stapelberg, R. F. (2009). .Handbook of reliability, availability, maintainability and safety in engineering design . London : Springer


SPPE 4712 MACHINE AND EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE


This course will emphasize the experience of maintaining various machines including grinding, lathe and milling machines. Theoretical and practical topics related to these processes will be discussed in the context of the work in metal industry. At the end of the course, students will be able to maintain and manage machine shop which consist variety of metals and machine tools.

References

1. Tooma, M. (2008). Safety,security, health and environment law. Sydney : Federation Press.
2. Stapelberg, R. F. (2009). .Handbook of reliability, availability, maintainability and safety in engineering design . London : Springer


SPPE 4732 JIXTURE DEVELOPMENT


This course will provide experience in techniques of production the jig for arc welding work. This course will provide theoretical and practical work in order to produce welding jig. Students will be exposed to the welding jigs, jig design, classify the types of welding jigs and interests. At the end of the course, students will discuss mechanical principles underly the jigs production. Students are also able to produce the welding jig that can be use in horizontal and vertical positions.

References
1. Edward, G. Hoffman (2004). Jig and Fixture Design 5th ed. USA : Delmar Thomson Learning.
2. Robert, O. Parmley (2003). Jigs and Fixtures Design Manual 2nd ed. USA : McGraw Hill
3. Cary, H. B. (2005). Modern Welding Technology. 6th. ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey : Pearson/Prentice Hall.
4. Rao, P. N. (2009). Manufacturing Technology : Foundry, Forming and Welding. 3rd. ed. New Delhi India : McGraw-Hill.
5. Sacks, R. J. (2005). Welding : Principles and Practices. 3rd. ed. Boston : MCGraw-Hill.


SPPL 1002 WOOD TECHNOLOGY


This course emphasizes on the knowledge, understanding and skills in the area of wood technology. Students will be taught the aspects of workshop safety, organization and management, hand tools, machine tools, materials selection and preparation, woodworking joints, finishing and fixing materials.
The main focus of this course is on process of constructing woodworking projects. This is important to ensure the students can apply their knowledge, understanding and skills into the production of the projects. Therefore, at the end of this course, students will be able to practice safety procedures in a woodworking workshop, use hand tools and machine tools appropriately; build woodworking joints accurately, and apply appropriate type of finishing to the projects.

References
1. Brett, P. (2005). Carpentry and Joinery. (2nd ed.). Cheltenham, UK: Nelson Thornes, Ltd.
2. Corbet, S. (2007). The Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking. London: Lorenz Books.
3. Feirer, J. L. and Feirer, M. D. (2002). Wood Technology and Process: Student Text. (5th ed.). Columbus, Ohio : Glencoe/Mc Graw-Hill
4. Flexner, B. (1994). Understanding Wood Finishing: How to Apply and Select the Right Finish. Emmaus, PA: Rodale, Pr.
5. Jackson, A. and Day, D. (1996). Goodwood Handbook. Cincinnati, Ohio: Betterway Books.
6. Rogowski, G. (2002). The Complete Illustrated Guide to Joinery. Newton, CT: Taunton Press



SPPL 1012 BASIC ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC


Topics that will be discussed in this course including; Basic electric and electronics; Measurement equipment; Kirchhoff's Law and Ohm Law; Circuit types; Connection electronic circuits use transistor and integrated circuit (IC); and Introduction to digital and analogue concept. This course covers theoretical and practical aspects by emphasizing on measurement and technical aspect. At the end of this course students be able to apply safety procedures in the electric and electronic workshop, related concept of voltage, current, resistance, power energy, DC and AC in electronic circuit, handling various hand tools and measuring tools for the given circuit assembling and testing, computes DC electronic circuit using Ohm's Law, Kirchhoff's Law and various passive component such as inductor.

References
1. Duff J.R & Kaufman. (1980). Alternating Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publishers, New York
2. Floyd, T.L. Prinsiples of Elektric Circuits. (1997). (5th ed.). Prentice-Hall International, New Jersey
3. Goodall F & Rishton D.K. Prinsip Elektrik dan Elektronik (Terjemahan). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka: Kuala Lumpur.
4. Gerrish H.H . (1980). Electricity and Electronics. The Goodhearth-Wilcox , Illinois
5. Grob, B. (1986). Basic Electronics. McGraw-Hill, Singapore
6. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (1991). Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu: Elektif Kemahiran Manipulatif Tambahan (Tingkatan 1-3). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur
7. Loper, D.E. (1984). Direct Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publisher
8. Schuler, C.A. (1994). Electronics Principles and Applications. (4th ed). International Editions, McMilan-Mcgraw-Hill, New York


SPPL 1022 SINGLE PHASE ELECTRICAL WIRING

In this course, students are exposed to theoretical and practical work of basic wiring circuits. Emphasize is given on understanding the concept of electrical circuit, currents, voltage, resistance, power, ohm's law, Kirchhoff's law series/parallel circuits, AT and DC circuits, generation system, domestic wiring system, earthling system, testing and wiring protection system. In this course, students are expected to master in using hand-tools and testing equipment and ways of checking and testing domestic wiring. The course also exposes the students to the practical aspects in surface wiring, PVC conduit and PVC casing. With the application of basic principles of electric circuits, students will do practical work to connect, install and maintain wiring and to troubleshoot various faulty circuits. Safety precautions are given in accordance with the international rule of the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE) and Electricity Supply Act 1990 (ABE).

Reference
1. Nazi b Mustafa (2004). Pendawaian Domestik. Kuala Lumpur: Edu System.
2. Bartkiw & SooKhoo, (1999). Teknologi Sistem Elektrik, Terjemahaan. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
3. Bell, E. C. (1987). Basic electrical engineering and instrumentation for engineers. (3rd ed.). London Collins Prentice Hall.
4. Burdett, Geoffrey. (1997). Home Electric.1 Household appliances electric -Maintenance and repair.
5. Duncan, C & Stocks, E. G. (1988). Pemasangan litar elektrik. Kuala Lumpur Golden Book Centre.



SPL 1112 - FOOD NUTRITION AND PREPARATION

This course provides students with theoretical knowledge in basic food nutrition and food preparation. For technical content, the students will be trained to obtain skill and experience in cooking activities that conducted on weekly basis according to cooking themes such as salad, appetizer, soup, pastry, cake, biscuit, and bread. At the end of the course, students should be able to demonstrate skills in the food preparation of various cooking themes, as well as applying good time management, food sanitation, food safety, food cost, nutritious food ingredients, well planned menu planning, proper manner and attractive ways in serving the food products. The students should also be able to evaluate food products that they have cooked and evaluate laboratory cleaning process.

References
1. Gisslen, W. (2007). Professional Cooking (6th ed.). Canada, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
2. Grosvenor, M. B., and, Smolin, L. A. (2006). Nutrition Everyday Choice, USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
3. McWilliams, M. (2006). Illustrated Guide to Food Preparation (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pearson/Prentice Hall.
4. Sokol, G. (2007). About Professional Cooking: The essentials, United Kingdom, Thomson Delmar Learning.
5. Whitney, E., and Rolfes, S. R. (2008) Understanding Nutrition (11th ed.). USA, Thomson Learning, Inc


SPPL 1122 - FABRIC AND CLOTHING

This course provides an exposure to students on the functions of clothing, factors influencing shape of clothing, knowledge on textiles production and classification of fabrics. Students are given opportunity to acquire skills in garment making as well as to assess the quality of garment made. At the end of this course, it is hoped that students are able to construct garment according to individual measurement, develop their well communication skill, and work in a team.

References
1. Gohl. E.P.G and Vilensky. L.D. (1986). Textile for Modern Living. Logman Cheshire Pty Ltd Australia
2. Jennnette Weber. (2005). Clothing Fashion, Fabric and Construction Glenco Publishing Comp, California.
3. Aldrich, W. (2008). Metric Pattern Cutting For Menswear. Bell And Hyman Ltd London
4. Readers Digest. (2005). Complete Guide to Sewing. Readers Digest Press. London.


SPPL 1212 - PROPAGATION AND PLANT MANAGEMENT


This course contains of a few topics concerning plant propagation and management. Students will be exposed to the techniques of both sexual (seed) and asexual plant propagation. This course will also require the students to carry out a plant propagation and management project such as vegetable and corn planting.

References
1. Azizah Arshad. (1996). Menanam secara Hidroponik. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
2. Baustista, O.K. et.al. (1983). Introduction to Tropical Horticulture. Los Banos: University Of Philippines
3. Halimathul Saadiah A. Shafiei. (1995). Asas Teknologi Biji Benih. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
4. Institut Penyelidikan dan Kemajuan Pertanian Malaysia. (1991). Penanaman Orkid. Kuala Lumpur Kementerian Pertanian Malaysia
5. Institut Penyelidikan dan Kemajuan Pertanian Malaysia. (1992). Panduan Pengeluaran Sayur-sayuran.


SPPL 1222 - PLANT PROTECTION PRINCIPLE

This course will introduce students to plant pests and diseases such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematode worm, insects and weeds. The emphasis of this course will be on how to identify the plant pests and disease and method on controlling the problem.

References
1. Abdul Hamid Mar Iman. (1992). Perlindungan Tanaman Dalam Penilaian Harta Tanah Pertanian. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
2. Baharuddin Salleh. (1987). Patologi Tumbuhan. Jilid 1. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
3. Baharuddin Salleh, Abd.Rahim Omar, & Rashidah Abdullah (1993). Patologi Tumbuhan. Jilid 2. Kuala Lumpur DBP.
4. Harbant Singh. (1992). Pengenalan Patologi Tumbuhan. Kuala Lumpur: DBP
5. Mohamed Salleh. (1990). Pengumpulan, Pengawetan dan Pengelasan Serangga. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
6. Pedigo, Larry P. (1989). Entomology and Pest Management. New York. MacMillan.
7. Pfadt, Robert E. (1989). Fundamentals of Applied Entomology. New York: MacMillan.
8. Yusuf Ibrahim. (1989). Serangga Perosak. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
9. Yusuf Ibrahim. (1983). Manual Amali. Kuala Lumpur: Colorcom Grafik Sistem Sdn.Bhd.


SPPL 1302 - BASIC COMMERCE


This course is designed to expose students to the basic commerce and entrepreneurship practices in Malaysia. The main focus is to develop knowledge in business planning, entrepreneurship concept, business ethics, business management, basic accounting and financial management. Emphasis is given on the various aspects involved vision and mission in business including different types of business registrations and ownerships; various types of financial institutions; governmental and non-governmental support systems. Students will prepare a business account and a loss - profit account; as well as closing an account using the statement and T-shaped format. At the end of this course, students should be able to demonstrate the application of knowledge by exploring and preparing a complete business plan, business ethics, business management and financial report. Furthermore, the students be able to integrate self-responsibilities and positive attitude through commerce and entrepreneurship education as well as in their career as educators in future.

References
1. Anthony, G. and Kotler, P. (2005). Marketing: An Introduction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Printice Hall.
2. Barsky, N.P. (2005). Management Accounting, a Business Planning Approach. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
3. Burrow, J.L. (2005). Marketing. Mason, OH: Thompson/South Western.
4. Chell, E. (2001). Entrepreneurship: Globalization, Innovation and Development. UK: Thomson-Learning.
5. Jaafar Muhamad. (2003). Asas Pengurusan Perniagaan. Selangor: Fajar Bakti.
6. Kirby, D. (2003). Entrepreneurship. UK: McGraw-Hill.
7. Kurato, D.F. and Hodgets, R.M., (2004). Entrepreneurship - A Contemporary Approach. (5th ed.). Harcourt College Publishers.
8. Longenecker, J.G., Moore, C.W. and Petty, J.W. (2003). Small Business Management: An Entrepreneurial Emphasis. Thompson: South Western.
9. Morden, T. (2004). Principles of Management. Hants, England: Ashgate.
10. Myzuka, D.F. (2000). Evaluating the Opportunity: Spotting the Market Opportunity. New York: Printice Hall


SPPL 1312 - FAMILY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

This course provides exposure to students to the theory and applications of management of resources to achieve personal and family goals; making informed consumer decision; creating financial stability and maintaining a healthy living environment. Component in management system such as planning, implementation, decision making and communication are the topics that are discussed in this course. Students are also exposed to conduct survey on individuals and families in family resource management. At the end of this course, it is hoped that students are able to plan their resources in order to achieve individual and family goals, upgrade their social skills, communicate well and work in team.

References
1. Tami J. Moore & Asay.S.M. (2008). Family Resource Management. SAGE Publication Inc.
2. Hall, A.D., and Fagen R. E. Definition of Systems. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 6 (Februari 1975) 121- 132.
3. Hall Edward T. (1977). The Hidden Dimension. Garden City Anchor Books.
4. Buckley Walter, (2005). Sociology and Modern System Theory. Englewood Cliffs. N.J: Prectice Hall


SPPL 1332 - ELECTRONIC AND MEASUREMENT LABORATORY

Topics that will be discussed in this course including Diode, zener diode, FET transistor, SCR, OP-Amp, SSI, MSI, LSI, VLSI, Memory IC and Microprocessor. This course emphasize on component features, building structure, operation, function and their application in real circuit in both theoretical and practical aspects.

References
1. Duff J.R & Kaufman. (1980). Alternating Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publishers, New York
2. Floyd, T.L. (1997). Prinsiples of Elektric Circuits. (5th ed.). Prentice-Hall International, New Jersey
3. Goodall F & Rishton D.K. Prinsip Elektrik dan Elektronik (Terjemahan). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka: Kuala Lumpur.
4. Gerrish H.H . (1980). Electricity and Electronics. The Goodhearth-Wilcox, Illinois
5. Grob, B. (1986). Basic Electronics. McGraw-Hill, Singapore
6. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu: Elektif Kemahiran Manipulatif Tambahan (Tingkatan 1-3). (1991). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur
7. Loper, D.E. (1984). Direct Current Fundamentals. Delmar Publisher
8. Schuler, C.A. (1994). Electronics Principles and Applications. (4th ed.). International Editions, McMilan- Mcgraw-Hill, New York


SPPL 2132 - CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS


A thorough knowledge related to the characteristics and strength of materials and appropriate construction practices are necessary to develop, design and build safe, economics and strong building structures. This course is designed with the aim of providing knowledge and experience to the students about the materials used in the construction works. The emphasis will be on the characteristics of materials, testing concepts and procedures involved. This course also covers various aspects of construction materials namely aggregates, concrete, bricks, wood, bituminous compounds, iron and steel and plastic. In addition, this course also highlights the issue of the development and application of green technology in construction.

References
1. Allen, E. dan Iano, J. (2004). Fundamentals of Building Constructions : Materials and Methods. (4th ed.). Hoboken, New Jesey : John Wiley.
2. Marrota, T. W. (2002). Basic Construction Materials. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
3. Marotta, T. W. dan Herubin, C. A. (1997). Basic Construction Materials. (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
4. Somayaji, S. (1994). Civil Engineering Materials. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
5. Taylor, G. D. (2000). Materials in Construction : An Introduction. (3rd ed.). Harlow Essex: Pearson Higher Limited.
6. Allen, E. (1990). Fundamentals of building construction: materials and methods. John Wiley & Sons:New York
7. Allen, E. and Iano, J. (2005). Fundamentals of building construction: materials and methods (4th ed.).John Wiley: Hoboken, New Jersey.
8. Dean, Y. (1996). Materials Technology. Essex Longman: Harlow.


SPPL 2012 - WELDING AND FABRICATION

This course introduces the principles, methods and equipment related to metal fabrication technology. Basic knowledge related to metallurgy was introduced so that students can identify the materials used in fabrication work to produce works of high quality. The metal fabrication practices are given priority by using the skills and hand tools for machine fabrication works through practical projects.

References
1. Bahagian Pendidikan Teknik dan Vokasional. (1987). Kurikulum sekolah menengah vokasional: kursus kimpalan dan fabrikasi logam. Kuala Lumpur: Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia
2. Jeffus, L. F. (2004). Metal fabrication technology for agriculture. New York: Thomson/Delmar Learning
3. Kenyon, W. (1982). Welding and fabrication technology. London Pitman.
4. Kok, T. S. (1995). Teknologi Kimpalan dan Fabrikasi Logam. Shah Alam: Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.
5. Walker, J. R. (1986). Arc welding: basic fundamentals. South-Holland, Ill.: Goodheart-Willcox


SPPL 2112 - CLOTHING STUDIES

This course is designed to develop further skill in garment construction using different types of fabrics. The course is also exposes the students to knowledge in choosing and purchasing textile goods and their roles as a wise consumer of textiles. At the end of this course students should be able to construct several garments according to style and design, work as a team and develop good communication skills.

References
1. Gohl. E.P.G and Vilensky. L.D. (1986). Textile for Modern Living. Logman Cheshire Pty Ltd Australia
2. Jennnette Weber (2005). Clothing Fashion, Fabric and Construction. Glenco Publishing Comp, California.
3. Aldrich, W (2008). Metric Pattern Cutting For Menswear, Bell and Hyman Ltd London
4. Readers Digest. (2005). Complete Guide To Sewing. Readers Digest Press. London.
5. Mariam Abu Baker. (2000). Panduan Membuat Pakaian. Karya Bistari Sdn Bhd, Kuala Lumpur


SPL 2122 - FOOD PREPARATION

This course is designed to give students experience in food preparation by applying principles and knowledge of meal nutrition and cooking skills. The course focuses on anthropological social concept of food nutrition for special needs in terms of different portion size and diet. Emphasize s given on food preparation skills, food nutrition as well as serving the food in proper and attractive way. Menu, food cost, food ingredients and time management are taking into account in planning the meal for those special needs.At the end of the course, the students should be able to demonstrate skills in preparing complete meal of particular special needs based on balance diet.

References
1. Baskette, M. and Painter, J. (2009), The Art of Nutritional Cooking. Uppersaddle River, NJ : Pearson/Prentice Hall
2. Gisslen, W., 2007. Professional Cooking (6th edition), Canada, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
3. Grosvenor, M. B., and Smolin, L. A., 2006, Nutrition Everyday Choice. USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
4. Roussou, D. (2005), Absolute Beginner's Guide to Cooking. Indianapolis, IN : Que Publishing
5. Smolin L.A. and Grosvenor M.S. (2007). Nutrition: Science and Applications. University of Connecticut: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
6. Wardlaw G.M (2007), Perspectives in Nutrition. (7th ed.). Arizona State University: McGrawHill.


SPL 2142 - FOOD SERVICE OPERATION

This course provides students with knowledge and experience in food service operation. Emphasize is given on types of food service, professional work ethics and the application of entrepreneurship concept in operating, managing and supervising the food service operations. The students are also will be exposed to food preparation, marketing strategy, menu planning and food costing for the food service operation according to written business plan. At the end of the curse students will be able to run food business activities.

References
1. McVety, P.J., Ware, B.J. & Levesque, C. (2001). Fundamentals of Menu Planning. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
2. Gisslen, W. (2003). Professional Cooking. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
3. Palacio, J.P.& Theis, M. (2001). West & Wood's Introduction to Food Service. NJ: Prentice Hall
4. Costas, K. & Thomas, C. (2009). Design and Equipment For Restaurants and Foodservice: A Management View, NJ: John Wiley & Sons
5. Strianese, A.J. & Strianese, P.P. (2008). Dining Room and Banquet Management. NY: Delmar Cengage Learning.


SPPL 2212 - SOIL SCIENCE


This course introduces students to knowledge on soil classification, soil components, soil formation, soil plant nutrient, soil fertility and environmental soil science. This course will also provide the students with practical introductory laboratory exercise; identification of rocks and minerals; weathering of minerals in soils; factors affecting weathering of minerals; soil profile description; soil classification; particle size analysis; bulk density determination; particle density determination; quantification of soil moisture; soil ph; determination of organic matter; chemical properties of soils; caution exchange capacity; and heat capacity of soils. At the end of the course, the students will be able to get to know the soil in depth.

References
1. Soil Science & Management, 5th Edition, Edward J. Plaster, (2008)
2. Science and The Garden: The Scientific Basic of Horticulture Practice, 2nd Edition, David S. Ingram, Daphne Vince- Prue and Peter J. Gregory (2008)
3. The Nature and Properties of Soils, 14th Edition, Nyle C. Brady and Ray R. Weil ( 2007)

SPPL 2232 - CROP PRODUCTION

The course introduces students to the concept of crops production and management. Topics that will be discussed in the course including types of implementation used in crops production, farm management, land preparation to harvesting of crops, planting several types of short term crops, fruit, beverage crops and plantation crops. At the end of this course, the students should be able to apply knowledge and skills in relation to crops production.

Reference
1. Md.Nasir Md.Dewa, Norzeha Othman, Nawawi Mohd Jan. (2005). Pengeluaran Tanaman. Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah, Tingkatan 4 &5. Kuala Lumpur: DBP


SPPL 2402 - COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN

This course will expose students to an application of AutoCAD in producing 3 dimensional product models. Students have opportunities to use wireframe, surfaces and solid modeling approaches in scheduled laboratory practices. Students also learn how to produce standard working drawing in three-dimensional for specific product to be produced. At the end of this course, students should be able to use AutoCAD software competently in designing marketable product.

References
1. Khairul Anuar Hanafiah (2006). Lukisan Berbantu Komputer. Edisi Kedua. Johor Bahru: Penerbit UTM
2. Ambrosius L,. (2008) AutoCAD 2008: 3D Modeling Workbook for Dummies. Willey Publishing, Inc. USA.


SPPL 3002 - BUILDING SERVICES : PLUMBING

This course provides exposure to the theory and basic principles of plumbing systems in domestic buildings. Students are also exposed to the aspects of organizational management and plumbing workshops safety, introduction to plumbing tools and equipments, resources, the process of treatment and supply of public and domestic water systems, plumbing drawings, operations of plumbing jointing and fitting, and sewerage and wastewater systems. Students will also carry out practical activities on domestic plumbing systems. Building plumbing systems maintenance skills will be taught intensively to enable students to maintain the systems.

References
1. Hall, F. (2005). Building Services Handbook. (3rd ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.
2. Howard, C. A. (1996). Introduction to Building Services. (2nd ed.). Basingstoke: MacMillan.
3. Hall, F. E. (1994). Building Services and Equipment. (3rd ed.). Harlow, Essex: Longman.
4. (1986). Bekalan Air dan Sistem Pemasangan Paip. Pusat Latihan JKR Semenanjung Malaysia.
5. Curd E.F dan Howard C.A. (1996). Introduction to Building Services. (2nd ed.). London, MacMillan Press Ltd.
6. Hall F. (1999). Kerja Paip: Bekalan Air Sejuk, Saliran dan Pembersihan. (2nd ed.). Johor Bahru, Penerbit UTM Skudai.
7. Ken Doyle (1987). Plumbing and Gastfitting (Volume 1 & 2). Wellington N.Z., GP Book.
8. Ripka, L.V. (1987). Plumbing: Installation and Design. (2nd ed.). Illinois U.S, American Technical Publishers Inc.

SPPL 3122 - COMMUNITY NUTRITION

This course provides exposure to students about the basic concepts of community nutrition. Other aspects discussed include nutrition throughout the life cycle and nutrition for those with special needs such as nutrition for patients and pregnant women. Also discussed are the factors that influence eating patterns in cross-cultural community as well as evaluating the effectiveness of a nutrition program. Students will also be exposed to the ethics of community nutrition and current issues in community nutrition. At the end of this course students will be able to provide community nutrition programs based on theory and basic concepts of a healthy diet.

References
1. Anderson, J.E. dan Valyasevi. (2005). An effective communications for nutrition in primary health care. The United Nation University: Tokyo.
2. Biswas, M. dan P. Pinstrup-Anderson. (1988). Nutrition and development. The United Nation University: Tokyo.
3. Gibson, R.S. (1990). Principles of nutritional assessment. Oxford University Press: New York.
4. Owen, A.L., P.L. Splett, dan G.M. Owen. (1999). Nutrition in the community. The Art & Science of Delivering Services, (4th ed.). WBC McGraw-Hill: Boston.
5. Barer-Stein, T. (1999). You Eat What You Are: People, Culture and Food Traditions. Firefly Books Ltd: New York.
6. Krause, M.V. dan Mahan, L. K. (2002). Makanan, Pemakanan dan Terapi Diet (Terjemahan). Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka: Kuala Lumpur.


SPPL 3212 - ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE

This course introduces students to decorative horticulture industry in Malaysia emphasizing on the practice of horticulture plant propagation, management and maintenance. Part of the course will also expose the students to the process of planning an area for cultivation of ornamental plants and procedure in producing a mini landscape. Through this course, students should be able to apply theoretical and practical work, and to be creative.

References
1. Abdul Aziz Bidin. (1987). Paku-Pakis Ubatan Di Semenanjung Malaysia. DBP: Kuala Lumpur
2. Bautista, O.K, Valmayor,H.V.,Tabora,P.T.and Espino,.R.R.C.Espino (1983). Introduction To Tropical Horticulture. University of Philippines: Philippines.
3. Hartman H.T., Kester D.E., Davies F.T & Geneve R.L (1997). Plant Propagation Principles and Practices. Prentice Hall.
4. Ismail Saidin (1993). Bunga-bungaan Malaysia. DBP: Kuala Lumpur
5. Ismail Saidin (1993). Palma Pilihan Untuk Seni Taman. DBP: Kuala Lumpur
6. Mustafa Kamal Mohd. Shariff (1995). Hortikuktur Hiasan dan Landskap. DBP. Kuala Lumpur
7. Norain Mohd.Rejab (1996). Tanaman Lanskap: Pokok Renek. DBP: Kuala Lumpur
8. Reiley H.E. (1997). Introductory Horticulture. Delmer Publishers.


SPPL 3422 - CONSUMER RESEARCH AND PRACTICE

This course will expose students to product case study where a product is analyzed through its design, marketing, quality, cost and others. Organizational design and management, professional and ethical responsibilities, contracts, copyright, design registration/ copyright, the copyright owner responsibility, law and liability are among content of this course. It is hoped that through this course, students will be able to increase awareness and understanding of the nature and behavior of users toward a product.

References
1. Akta Paten (Akta 291). (1983). Petaling Jaya: International Law Book Services
2. Akta Hakcipta (Akta 332). (1987) dan Peraturan-peraturan dan Perintah-perintah, Petaling Jaya: International Law Book Services.
3. Akta Reka Bentuk Perindustrian (Akta 552). (1996) & Peraturan-peraturan, Petaling Jaya: International Law Book Services
4. Engle, James F., Blackwell, Roger D., & Miniard, Paul W. (1992). Consumer Behaviour. Chicago: The Dryden Press
5. Mohd Hamdan Adnan. (1997). Perlindungan Pengguna dan Amalan Perniagaan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka
6. Terence Conran (1998). Terence Conran on Design. London: Conrad Octopus Ltd
7. Ulrich, Karl T. dan Eppinger, Steven, D. (2000). Product Design and Development, (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill


SPPL 4002 - AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY

This course is designed to expose students to automotive systems, how to diagnose components, location and function damages. Emphasize is given on the vehicle system particularly on fuel systems, cooling systems, lubrication systems, ignition systems, charging systems, chassis, suspension and steering systems, guidance systems and braking systems. Current issues and future in the world of automotive technology are also discussed. At the end of this course, students should be able to develop and apply systems that have been taught and worked in groups and present their findings in a group work.

References
1. Crouse, William Harry, and Anglin, Donald L. (1976). Automotive Fuel, Lubricating and Cooling Systems: Construction, Operation, and Maintenance. (5th ed.). New York : McGraw-Hill
2. Heywood, John B. (1988). Internal Combustion Engines: Fundamentals. New York: McGraw-Hill,
3. Pugh, Stuart. (1991), Total Design: Integrated Methods for Successful Product Engineering, London: Addison-Wesley
4. Taylor, Charles Fayette. (1985). The Internal Combustion Engine: Theory and Practices. (2nd ed.). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.


SPPL 4122 - FASHION DRAFTING

This course is designed to introduce the concepts of fashion design and flat pattern making. The course provides understanding of body types, style lines, pattern making principles and terminology. Work accomplished in the course including: measuring technique, methods of making basic pattern, pattern analysis and adaptation, Fitting problems for personal fit are also discussed in this course. At the end of the course it is hoped that students are able to create a collection of design suitable for making up garments, work in team and upgrade their communication skills.

References
1. Edmond Roberts (1985). A guide to Casual Clothes. New York: Fairchild Publications.
2. Mariam Abu Bakar (1988). Panduan Membuat Pakaian Bistari. Percetakan Kum Sdn Bhd, Petaling Jaya
3. Readers Digest. (2005). Complete Guide to Sewing. The Readers Digest Association, Inc. New York.
4. Jeanette Weber. (1986). Clothing, Fashion Fabrik and Construction. Glencoe Publishing Comp

SPL 4132 - FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY

This course presents method in food processing with and without heating treatments. Those methods are chilling with controlled temperature, freezing and drying. Emphasize are given on operations and its effects on food quality. The course also emphasizes on attributes, functional and examples of food additives (acid, alkali, sweeteners, flavor and colorings) and how they affect the quality of foods. The functions and the importance of labeling and packaging are also discussed. At the end of the course students will be able to produce invention food that involving food additives, either using heating treatments or not and applying concepts in the food processing technology.

References
1. Unit Perancang Dan Pembangunan Negeri Selangor. (1999). Formulasi Produk-Produk Makanan. Shah Alam: Seksyen Pembangunan Usahawan.
2. Tull, A. (2002). Food Technology: An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
3. Hallam, E. & Hallam, E. (2004). Food Technology: Teacher's Manual. Nelson Thornes.
4. Brennan, J.G. (2006). Food Processing Handbook. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH
5. Fellows, P.J. (2000). Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice. (2nd ed.). London Taylor &Francis


SPPL 4202 - AGROTECHNOLOGY

This course is designed to expose students to Agrotechnology field. It will emphasize on the general concept of Agrotechnology subtopis including Introduction to the Agrotechnology, agriculture machinery, information communication technology in agriculture industry, compos fertilizer, organic farming, organic vegetable farming, mushroom planting technology, fertigation system, hydroponic, drainage and irrigation and agricultural management.

References
1. Abdul Gafar Abdul Rahman. (1993). Asas Jentera Ladang. DBP.
2. Aziah Arshad. (1996). Menanam Secara Hidroponik. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
3. Hartman, H.T. et. al. (1997). Plant Propagation: Principles and practices. Prentice Hall
4. Raja Muhammad Raja Haron. (1991). Pengeluaran Makanan Hidroponik. Kuala Lumpu: DBP.
5. Reiley, H.E. (1997). Introductory Horticulture. Delmar Publishers.


SPPL 4222 - PRINCIPLE OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION


This course will introduce students to some basic knowledge and skills in breeding and managing livestock which in terms of ruminant and non ruminant livestock. Topics will be learnt including concept of breeding and managing livestock such as goat, chicken, deer, quail and aquaculture management. At the end of this course the students should be able to carry out the breeding and managing livestock production project.

References
1. Aminuddin, Chee et.al., (1989). Pengeluaran Ternakan. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
2. Chee Teck Soon and Goh Hooi Beng (1982). Sains Pertanian. Kuala Lumpur: Longman (M) Sdn.Bhd. Dewan Bahasa dan-Pustaka.
3. Hickling, C.F. (1971). Kultur Ikan. Serdang: Universiti Pertanian Malaysia.
4. Jabatan Perikanan (1990). Kursus Akuakultur. Jabatan pertanian
5. Jabatan Perkhidmatan Haiwan (1987). Panduan Penternakan Bebiri. Jabatan Perkhidmatan Haiwan.
6. Lokman Shamsudin. (1988). Panduan Asas Akuakultur. Kuala Lumpur
7. Moody,E.G.(1991). Raising Small Animals. New York: Farming Press.
8. Yazid Halim (1998). Menternak Ikan Dalam Tangki Air Gentian Kaca.


SPPL 4232 - BUILDING DRAWING


Building design course is designed to expose students with design process in architectural drawing. This course will focus on concepts, theories, and practices of architectural constructions technology, materials, landscape layouts and domestic constructions' regulations. At the end of the course, students should be able to explain and discuss the process of developing architectural drawings. Students are also expected to develop architectural models and present their final product.

References
1. Chink, F. (2009). Architectural Graphics. (5th ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
2. Mo, Z. (2008). The Architectural Drawing Course: Understand the Principles and Master Practices. London, UK: Thames & Hudson Ltd.
3. Seidler, D. R. (2010). Hand Drawing for Designers: Communicating Ideas through Architectural Graphics. New York : Fairchild
4. Smith, K. S. (2008). Architects Sketches: Dialogue and Design. Burlington, Massachussets: Architectural Press.
5. George K. dan Harry J. (1981). Architectural Drafting (2nd ed.). New York: MacGraw-Hill Book Co.
6. Greeno, R., (1997). Building Services, Technoglogy and Design. Harlow Essex: Longman.
7. Kolarevic, B. (1998). Architectural Modelling and Rendering. UK: John Wiley and Son. Ergonomics (SPL4312)


SPPL 4312 - ERGONOMICS


The application of anthropometric, applied anatomy and kinesiology in environment design and product, Ergonomics physiological, work, environmental impact and human-machine interface aspects are topics will be discussed in this course. At the end of the course, students are expected will able to apply the ergonomic principles to design industrial workplaces and prevention of occupational injuries.

References
1. Knoz, S. A. (1983). Work Design: Industrial Ergonomics. (2nd ed.). Ohio. Grid Publication.
2. David, J. and Runhold, V. N. (1995). Ergonomics at Work: Human Factors in Design and Development. (3rd ed.). Chichester. John Wiley and Sons
3. P. Khon, J. (1997). The Ergonomic Casebook: Real World Solutions. Florida. CRC Press Inc.
4. Kroemer, K., Kroemer, H., and Kroemer-Elbert, K. (2001). Ergonomics: How to Design for Ease and Efficiency. (2nd ed.). New Jersey. Prentice-Hall Inc.
5. Eastman Kodak Company. (1986). Ergonomics Design for People at Work. New York. Oborne.


SPPL 4322 - LANDSCAPE

This course is design to give exposure to students to landscape design from the aspects of history and the development of landscaping, the basic of landscape design, key element of landscaping, selection of suitable plant for a certain landscape and planning a landscape design. At the end of this course the students should be able to apply their knowledge in producing a complete landscape design with the costing for a landscape project.

1. Anthony Huxley. (1983). House Plants. London: Mac Millan London.
2. Bautista, O.K, Valmayor, H.V.,Tabora, P.T. and Espino,.R.RC.Espino (1983). Introduction To Tropical Hortikulture. University Of Philippines: Philippines.
3. Hessayon, D.G. (1989). The House Plant Expert. London: PBI Publications.
4. Hartman H.T., Kester D.E., Davies F.T & Geneve R.L (1997). Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices. Prentice Hall.
5. H.F.Chin. (1977). Malaysia Flowers in Colour. Kuala Lumpur. DBP.
6. Intan Kirana Wianta. (1990). Tanaman Hias Ruangan. Jog Jakarta: Press Sdn.Bhd.
7. Ismail Saidin. (1993). Bunga-bungaan Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: DBP
8. Ismail Saidin. (1993). Palma Pilihan Untuk Seni Taman. Kuala Lumpur: DBP
9. Mustafa Kamal Mohd.Shariff. (1995). Hortikultur Hiasan dan Landskap. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
10. Nik Ismail Azlan. (2001). Pelan dan Perspektif Senibina Landskap. Shah Alam: Landscape Plus Sdn.Bhd.
11. Nik Ismail Azlan. (2001). Grafik Asas Senibina Landskap. Shah Alam: Landscape Plus Sdn.Bhd.
12. Norain Mohd.Rejab. (1996). Tanaman Lanskap: Pokok Renek. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.
13. Peter Hunt. (1972). Greenhouse and Indoor Plants. London: Ward Lock.
14. Reiley H.E. (1997). Introductory Horticulture. Delmer Publishers.
15. Rukayah Aman. (1995). Tanaman Hiasan Ruangan. Kuala Lumpur. DBP.


SPPL 4403 - INVENTION

This course is an extension of the Basic Invention course that emphasizes aspects of the development and appreciation of creativity, problem-solving skills, team work among students. The main focus at this level is more rigorous and comprehensive look at the invention, particularly on ergonomic and aesthetic value of each design sketches and artifacts. In addition, the design should also conform to the need of target users. Group formed will go through the first steps of ideas brainstorming which subjected to the theme given. Next, the process of preparing the project proposal including illustration, isometric drawings, reports and slide presentations. Selected projects in each group will be developed and produced which involving the use of a variety of workshops such as fabrication, electronic, woodworking, AutoCAD studio and others. This course also exposes students to ethical values and respect intellectual property. Project development process will also involve the preparation of marketing plans, costs and budgets. At the end of this course, students will make presentations and demonstrations before final evaluation.

References
1. Bland, S. (1988). Craft Design and Technology; Design and Communication, Longman: Group Essex.
2. Dunn, S. (1987). An Introduction to Craft Design and Technology, London: Bell & Hyman Ltd.
3. Dunn, S. (1990). Craft Design and Technology: A Complete Course, Singapore: Heinemann.
4. Ian, M. Al. (1989). Design and Technology, Surrey: Nelson International Edition.
5. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1994). Sukatan Pelajaran dan Huraian: Rekacipta dalam Kemahiran Hidup Sekolah Menengah Rendah- Untuk Sekolah Percubaan, KPM, Kuala Lumpur.
6. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1994). Buku Panduan Guru: Rekacipta dalam Kemahiran Hidup Sekolah Menengah Rendah dan Atas, KPM, Kuala Lumpur.

SPPL 4412 - INVENTION

This course is an extension of the Basic Invention course that emphasizes aspects of the development and appreciation of creativity, problem-solving skills, and teamwork among students. The main focus at this level is more rigorous and comprehensive understanding about the invention, particularly on ergonomic and aesthetic value of each drawing as well as external design. In addition, the design should also meet the target user need and demand.

Students will grouped in certain number of groups and each group will be through the first steps of brainstorming design ideas based on the given theme. Next, the student will exposed to the process of preparing a proposal which including the illustration, isometric drawings, reports and slide presentations.

Projects selected in each group will be developed involving the use of a variety of workshops which are the metal fabrication workshop, electronic workshop, wooden workshop, AutoCAD studio and others related workshop.

Indirectly, this course will expose the students about the values and ethics of intellectual property. The project development process will also involve the preparation of marketing plans, costs and budgets as well. At the end of this course, students will make presentations and demonstrations in front of a number of assessors for the final evaluation.

References
7. Bland, S. (1988). Craft Design and Technology; Design and Communication, Longman: Group Essex.
8. Dunn, S. (1987). An Introduction to Craft Design and Technology, London: Bell & Hyman Ltd.
9. Dunn, S. (1990). Craft Design and Technology; A Complete Course, Singapore: Heinemann.
10. Ian, M. Al. (1989). Design and Technology, Surrey: Nelson International Edition.
11. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1994). Sukatan Pelajaran dan Huraian : Rekacipta dalam Kemahiran Hidup Sekolah Menengah Rendah- Untuk Sekolah Percubaan, KPM, Kuala Lumpur.
6. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1994). Buku Panduan Guru : Rekacipta dalam
Kemahiran Hidup Sekolah Menengah Rendah dan Atas, KPM, Kuala Lumpur.

SPA 3113 INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

Students' placement at the relevant industry for industrial training is to expose them with the practical content of the program that they enroll in the university. In the industrial training, the students having chance to apply what being taught and at the same time obtaining new knowledge, skill and technology.

References
1. Poon Wai Chiang (2004). The Development of Malaysia Economy. Prentice Hall
2. Mohd Rosli Mohamad & Mohamed Aslam Gulam Hassan, Penyunting (2000). Pembangunan Ekonomi Malaysia Era Globalisasi. Penerbit Universiti Malaya
3. Mohd Khairuddin Hashim & Syed Azizi Wafa (2002). Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Malaysia: Development Issues. Prentice Hall
4. Duane Brown (2003). Career information, Career Counselling, and Career Development. (8th ed.). Boston, Pearson Education, Inc

USP 3222 - SCHOOL LABORATORY AND WORKSHOP MANAGEMENT

This course gives exposure to students on concept, principle and startegies of school laboratory and workshop management. Elements of the school laboratory and workshop management are layout, safety, equipment and material purchasing, stock and inventory, maintenance and method of disposal. At the end of the course, the students should be able to prepare workshop layout based on the need of school curriculum, purchase planning and apply 5S concept in managing the workshop and laboratory.

References
1. Jabatan Pendidikan Johor (1997). Pengurusan Makmal Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu. Johor Bahru: Jabatan Pendidikan Negeri.
2. The National Centre for Research In Vocational Education (1983). Professional Teacher Education Module Series. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.


SKAU 2012 FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SURVEYING

This course is part of a minor program that highlights the basic theory and practice of surveying. Methods of establishing horizontal & vertical controls are explained and compared. Detailing to produce site plans, area and volume estimations, road curves geometric design are also discussed. Error analysis and adjustments are described. The concept of field survey automation and the use of software’s are explained. Typical field tasks required in civil engineering are also demonstrated. Common methods in field procedures, bookings and reduction of observations are illustrated. Practical aspects in establishing horizontal and vertical controls, setting out and detailing will be explained, compared and demonstrated. At the end of the course students are expected to be able to plan, execute, compute and analyze basic surveying works involved in establishing horizontal & vertical controls, curves, earthwork calculations and producing plans for civil engineering applications. Students should also be able to organize and execute field works.

References
1. Bannister, A., Raymond, S. & Baker, R. (1998). Surveying. Longman.
2. Uren, J & Price, W.F. (1994) Surveying For Engineers. Palgrave Macmillan


SKAU 2212 - MECHANICS OF MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES

Students will be able to understand the basic theory of the fundamental principles of mechanics of materials. Students will be able to incorporate these basic fundamentals into application of the basic design of simple structures . It will assure them of the concepts of stress and strain, plane-stress transformation, shear force and bending moment, stresses in beams, analysis of statically determinate plane and space trusses, deflections of beams, columns, and torsion. At the end of the course, the students should be able to solve numerous problems that depict realistic situations encountered in engineering practice. The students will also be able to develop and master the skills of reducing any such problem from its physical description to a model or symbolic representation to which the principles may be applied.

References
1. Hibbeler, R.C., Mechanics Of Materials, SI Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004.
2. Gere dan Timoshenko, Mechanics of Materials, 3rd Edition, Chapman & Hall.
3. Yusof Ahmad, "Mekanik Bahan dan Struktur", Penerbit UTM 20011

SKAU 2512 - BASIC WATER RESOURCES

This course is a service course offered by the Department of Hydraulics and Hydrology to form part of syllabi for a Minor. It covers some scopes of Basic Water Resources that comprises Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydrology. It introduces the hydrological cycle and its significant contributions to design and flow. It also discusses topics such as basic fluid statics and fluid dynamics, while touching upon the analyses of flows in closed conduits. The analyses of open channel flow are also demonstrated.

References
1. Mekanik Bendalir untuk Kejuruteraan Awam - Fatimah MN,Faridah JS,Goh GK
2. Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics - Schaum Series
3. Fluid Mechanics for Technologists (JW Bugler)
4. Hidrologi Kejuruteraan (FMN, HI, MNMS, AAI)
5. Hidraulik Kejuruteraan Awam, Teori Masalah and Penyelesaian - Featherstone and Nalluri (Terjemahan : Fatimah Mohd. Noor)
6. Hidraulik Saluran Terbuka - HI, FMN, AAA
7. Open Channel Hydraulics (RH French)


SKAU 3052 - CIVIL ENGINEERING LABROTARY

Civil engineering is a practical field and the laboratory work is essential to be performed by students in this field. The laboratory work, which consists of workshops and experiments are designed to expose students essential problem solving and experimental techniques. Most of the generic attributes that the students must develop at the University are acquired through the laboratory experiments and researches. Laboratory sessions are able to strengthen the students to relate the fundamental theories with laboratory experiments in the field of concrete, geotechnic, fluid mechanics, and structural engineering. Each student will experience data collections and performs data analysis and result interpretations.

Application of the experimental results to the real civil engineering problem will be highlighted.
Upon completion of the course, students are expected to be able to understand the practical application of civil engineering. Students will enhance their ability to participate effectively in a laboratory environment and be able to work as a part of a team. Student should purchase a copy of Laboratory Handbook before attending the first laboratory session. The Handbook contains all the information that required for the laboratory sessions and provides space for the recording of the results.

References
1. Geotechnic: Soil Classification Test (G2)
2. Geotechnic: Unconfined Compressive Test (G3)


SKAU 3222 - THEORY OF STRUCTURES

This course is designed to expose students to the analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures in civil engineering. The course emphasizes on analysis of beams, portal frames, arches and cable structures subjected to various load conditions using classical techniques. The course is limited to the analysis of elastic behavior of structures except in plastic analysis where the critical loads at failure of structures are being examined.
At the end of the course, students should be able to apply the knowledge and use the techniques for solving problems in structural engineering.

References
1. Yusof Ahmad, "Teori Struktur" Penerbit UTM 2004
2. Hibbeler, R.C., Structural Analysis, SI Edition, Prentice Hall, Singapore
3. West, H.H., Fundamentals of Structural Analysis, John Wiley, N.Y.
4. Mc Cormac, J.C., Structural Analysis, Harper & Row, N.Y.


SKAU 3712 - SOIL MECHANICS


The content of this course will give a student basic understanding and exposure towards practical in Geotechnical Engineering. It will cover on basic soil properties which, consists of soil composition, soil classification and soil compaction. Besides that, it will also discuss on water in soil and soil shear strength. The topic that will cover is important to civil engineers where most of problems occur at site will involve with geotechnical and soil mechanics. At the end of this course, students will able to apply the knowledge on basic soil properties, water in soil and shear strength parameters in the planning, analysis, design and supervision of related geotechnical works.

References

1. B.M Das, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering , 5th Edition,2004, Brooks and Cole
2. Roy Whitlow, Basic Soil Mechanics, 3rd Edition, 1999, Prentice Hall
3. GN Smith, Unsur Mekanik Tanah, Edisi Pertama, Terjemahan oleh Abdul Rahman Mohamood, 1990, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
4. Bujang K. Huat, Ahmad Jusoh dan Shukri Maail, Pengenalan Mekanik Tanah, 1991
5. Jabatan Kejuruteraan Awam dan Alam Sekitar, Fakulti Kejuruteraan UPM, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
6. Nor Zurairahetty dan Siti Norafida ,Short Notes SAB 1713


SKAU 4112 - CONTRACT & ESTIMATING


The syllabus covers an introduction to the development process and construction contracts, types of tender, tendering process and the preparation of tender documents, strategy in tendering, introduction to the methods of estimating and the preparation of the Bills of Quantities and project estimating.

References
1. Aturcara Kontrak dan Taksiran, Uzairi Haji Saidin, IBS Buku Sdn Bhd
2. Penyediaan Tapak dan Struktur Bawah, Abdul Hakim Mohamad, DBP
3. Teknologi Binaan Bangunan, Tan Boon Tong, DBP
4. Construction Method and Management, S.W.Nunally


SKAU 4422 - BASIC STRUCTURAL DESIGN


This course is a core course which will provide an understanding and ability to analyze and design reinforced concrete structural elements. Among the topics discussed are objective and methods of design, code of practice and analysis and design of sections for moments, design for shear, checking for deflection and cracking, durability and detailing requirements, design of simply supported and continuous beams, design of one way and two simply supported slab, design for short column and design for pad footing.

References
1. BS 8110 : Part 1 : 1997 Structural Use of Concrete.
2. Mac Ginley, T.J., Reinforced Concrete : Design, Theory and Examples, E & FN SPON, 1995.
3. Allen, A.H., Reinforced Concrete Design to BS 8110 - Simply Explained, 1988.
4. Mosley, W.H. and Bungey, J.H. Reinforced Concrete Design, Palgrave, 1999.
5. Martin, L.H, Structural Design in Concrete to BS 8110, Edward Arnold, 1989.
6. Higgins and Rogers, Design and Details : BS 8110, Cement and Concrete Assoc., 1990.
7. Ray, S.S, Reinforced Concrete : Analysis and Design, Blackwell Science, 1995.
8. Ismail Hassan, Analisis Plastik dan Teori Garis Alah, Penerbit UTM, 1993.
9. Reynold, C.E. & Steedman, J.C., Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook, 10th Edition, Viewpoint Publication, 1987.
10. Uniform Building By Laws 1984, International Law Book Services.


SKAU 4812 - HIGHWAY ENGINEERING


This is one of the compulsory courses which will expose students to the fundamental theory of highway and traffic engineering. The course is considered in two parts, i.e., highway and traffic. Highway engineering covers several major topics such as highway types, properties and tests of highway materials, premix plants and construction techniques and plants. Traffic engineering topics are traffic studies, the fundamental theory of speed-flow-density relationships and applications in road performance analysis, and the design of traffic signalized system

References
1. Atkins, H.A., Highway Materials, Soils, And Concretes, Prentice Hall, 2003.
2. Garber, N.J., Hoel, L.A., Traffic And Highway Engineering, West Publishing Co., 1999.
3. Karim, M.R., Hamzah, M.O., Hasan A., Pengenalan Pembinaan Jalanraya Berbitumen, DBP, 1991.
4. Oglesby, C.H., Hicks, R.G., Highway Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 1982.
5. Wignall, A., Kendrick, P.S., Ancill, R., ROADWORK : Theory and Practice, Newnes, 1991.
6. Wright, P.H., Highway Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
7. Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia, Spesifikasi Pembinaan Jalan Raya, Jkr/Spj/1988.
8. Standards - BS, MS, ASTM, AASHTO.
9. Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia, A Guide To The Design Of Traffic Signals, Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 11/87, 1987.
10. McShane, W.R and Roger P. Roess, Traffic Engineering, Prentice Hall, 1990.


SKAU 4912 - PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

The course is offered for the undergraduate students in the Faculty of Education majoring in technology with education. It provides the students with an overview of environmental engineering. The content of the course includes discussion on the pollution and its control. Among topics discussed are definition and types of pollution, water, wastewater and air quality parameters, ideas of environmental management, water supply and waste management. At the end of the course, student should be able to understand the important of environmental knowledge. The students should be able to apply the theory and knowledge of fundamental environmental engineering. The students should also be able to work in a team and able to present works through a written report as well as an oral presentation

References
1. Peavy, H.S., Rowe, D.R. and Tchobanoglous, G (1985) Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill.
2. Tebbutt, T.H.Y (1992) Principles of Water Quality Control. 4th Ed. Pergamon.
3. Sawyer, C.N and McCarty, P.L. (1985) Chemistry for Environmental Engineering. McGraw-Hill.
4. Montgomery, J.M. (1985) Water Treatment Principles and Design. Wiley.


SKEU 1003 - BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

This course introduces students to basic electrical circuit that includes elements in the electrical circuit and the application of Ohm’s and Kirchhoff s Law. Students will also be exposed to methods of circuit analysis and currents resistance shuttle. In addition, students are introduced to the energy storage elements.

References

1. C.K. Alexander, M.N.O.Sadiku, "Fundamental of Electric Circuits", Third Edition, McGraw-Hill.
2. Robert L.Boylestad, "Introductory Circuit Analysis", Eleventh Edition, Prentice Hall
3. H.A.Rahman, Z. Muda, M.S.Majid, N.R.N.Idris , :Modul Pengajaran Asas Kejuruteraan Elektrik", Edisi Keempat, FKE.


SKEU 1212 - DIGITAL LOGIC

This course will expose students to the basic circuits for digital logic systems. The topics to be taught to students are number systems, logic gates, combination logic gate circuits, flip-flops, counters and memory devices.

References
1. John Uffenbeck, 1994. Digital Electronics A Modern Approach. New Jersey; Prentice Hall International, Inc.
2. John Stenerson, 1999. Fundamentals of Programmable Logic Controllers, Sensors and Communications. Edisi ke-2. Newe Jersey: Prentice Hall International, Inc.
3. Nigel P.Cook, 1998. Introductory Digital Electronic. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International, Inc.
4. Peter H. Breads, 1991. Analog and Digital Electronic. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International, Inc.
5. Thomas L. Floyd, 2000. Digital Fundamental. Edisi ke 7. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International, Inc.


SKEU 2033 - CIRCUIT THEORY


This course introduces students to method of analysis for linear electrical circuits based on the direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) circuit theorems. Students are exposed to the steady-state electrical circuit.. The course is also equipped the students with necessary knowledge related to the analysis of 2-port network and the resonant circuit At the end of the course, the student should be able to apply the theorems and concepts in order to analyze any given linear electric circuit

References:
1. C.K. Alexander, M.N.O. Sadiku, "Fundamentals of Electri Circuits", 3nd.
2. Irwin Nelms, "Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis", 8th Edition, Wiley & Sons.
3. Schaum's Series. Electric Circuits, Mc Graw Hill.
4. J. W. Nilsson, S. A. Riedel, "Electrical Circuits", 8th edition, Addision Wesley.
5. Floyd, "Principles of Electric Circuits", 8th edition, Pearson International Edition.
6. J. David Irwin & R. Mark Nelms. " Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis", Wiley 2005

SKEU 2123 - MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION

This course introduces students to the terminology used in the methods of metrology testing, metrology concepts and applications. This course will provide an understanding of the concept of standardization and standards and quality management systems. Measurement techniques for electrical quantities and analysis based on the ISO also been stripped. It will also study the transducer to create awareness about what it can do. Transducer operations, features and functions will be discussed.

References
1. Fauzi Othman & Anita Ahmad, Measurement and Instrumentation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2005.
2. Ruzairi Abdul Rahim & rakan, Pengukuran & Instrumentasi Elektrik, Penerbit UTM, 2004.
3. Ruzairi Abdul Rahim, Pengukuran & Transduser , Penerbit UTM, 2003.
4. Sallehudin & Mohd. Fua'ad, Instrumentasi, Penerbit UTM, 2003.
5. Alan S.Morris, The Essence of Measurement, Prentice Hall, 1996
6. David A.Bell, Electronics Instrumentation and Measurements, Prentice-Hall, 2nd ed.1994
7. Joseph J.Carr, Elements of Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement, Prentice Hall, 3rd ed, 1996
8. J.P.Holman, Experimental Methods for Engineers, McGraw Hill, 7thed, 2001
9. L.R.Jones and A.F.Chin, Electronic Instruments and Measurements, Prentice-Hall, 1999.


SKEU 3003 - ELECTRONICS

Electronics SEU3003 is a course which offered to the Non-Major student in Electrical Engineering. Students are exposed to electronic devices such as diodes, transistors, amplifiers Operational, Timer, Get-Get Logic and Flip-Flop. Application of these tools in electronic circuits such as circuits, rectifier circuits, amplifier circuits, "Segitepat" wave generator, time delay generators, implementation of the Algebraic Logic Function Get-Get bool with OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR and EXCLUSIVE OR, and implementation of the circuit, counter circuit using the Flip-Flop.

References
1. Edward Hughes, Electrical and Electronic Technology, Ninth Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall.
2. Ralph J. Smith and Richard C. Dorf, Circuits, Devices and Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
3. Schuler, Electronics, Principles and Applications, McGraw Hill.
4. Boylestad and Nashelsky, Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 8PthP Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.
5. Thomas L.Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, 8PthP Edition, Prentice Hall, 2003


SKEU 3043 - SIGNALS AND NETWORKS


This course will introduce students to the types of signals, signal transformation, theorem, and the response of electrical circuits in the network so that students are able to analyze circuits with signals of various shapes and domains. The nature of the signal characteristics such as shift time, shift in frequency, and modulation konvolusi will be discussed in detail.

References

1. B.P. Lathi, "Signal Processing & Linear Systems", Oxford University Press, 1998
2. 2. B.P. Lathi, "Linear System & Signals", Oxford University Press, 2005
3. C.L. Phillips, J.M. Parr, E.A. Riskin, "Signals, Systems & Transforms", Prentice Hall, 3rd Edition, 2003
4. M.J. Roberts, " Signals & Systems", McGraw Hill, 2003
5. S.S. Soliman, M.D. Srinath, "Continuous & Discrete Signals & Systems", Prentice Hall, 1998
6. A.V. Oppenheim, A.L. Willsky, "Signals & Systems" Prentice Hall, 1983


SKEU 3053 - ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY


This course aims to expose students to the basic power system engineering. Students will learn the concepts and theory of magnetic systems, the three phase and single phase transformer. Students will also be disclosed with the introduction and application of electrical machines (direct current machine and alternative current machine)

References
1. Md Shah Majid et.al; "Teknologi Elektrik - Modul Pengajaran"
2. Md Shah Majid et.al; "Teknologi Elektrik - Manual Penyelesaian"
3. E. Hughes; "Electrical and Electronic Technology" 9th Edition, Prentice Hall
4. P. C. Sen; "Principles of Electric Machines and Power Electronics" 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons


SKMU 1212 - STATICS

The course introduces students to basic mechanics which is a pre-requisite for most engineering courses. The course enables students to acquire the essential basic knowledge of resultant and equilibrium of forces. It will examine key elements in producing free body diagrams for particles and rigid bodies, an essential first step in solving applied mechanics problems. Exposure to the concept of moment and equilibrium equations with reference to Newton's law enhances the relevance on friction, trusses, frames and machines applications.

References
1. Dietmar Gross, et al. (2009)."Engineering mechanics 1 : statics", Berlin, GW : Springer,
2. Hibbeler R.C., (2008) Engineering Mechanics " Statics, S.I. Edition, Prentice-Hall.


SKMU 2112 - SOLID OF MECHANICS

This course is designed to exposed students with the basic concept of solid of mechanic in mechanical engineering field. Students will be exposed into seven topics which are Stress and Strain, Torsion, Shear Force and Bending Moment, Bending Stress, Shear Stress in Beams, Combined Loadings and Beam Deflection. Discussion includes lesson planning for theory, in which related in calculation for mechanical engineering application, concepts and principles.

References
1. Braess, Dietrich "Finite Elements : Theory, Fast Solvers And Applications In Solid Mechanics 3rd Ed." New York : Cambridge University Press, 2007.
2. Spence, John (1986). "Applied Solid Mechanic". London : Elsevier Applied Science Pub.
3. Douglas, Robert Alden (1963) "Introduction to Solid Mechanics". London : Pitman.
4. Benham, P.P. & Crawford, R.J. (1989) "Mechanics of Engineering Materials". ELBS. Longman.
5. Boresi, Arthur, P. Schmidt, Richard J. & Sidebottom, Omar, M. (1993) "Advanced Mechanics of Materials. 5th. Ed". New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

SKMU 2212 - DYNAMICS

Dynamics is a study of bodies in motion. This course (an extension of SMU 1212, statics) introduces the part of mechanics, which involve the theory of kinematics and kinetics of particles and rigid bodies. Exposure to the principles of kinematics focuses on displacement, velocity and acceleration relationship with regards to rectilinear, curvilinear and relative motion are addressed. Students are introduced to the utilization of Newton's law in solving specific kinetics applications (force and acceleration, work and energy, and linear impulse and momentum including impact). Key elements of mass moment of inertia are also covered with emphasis on the Parallel Axis Theorem and radius of gyration for simple and composite bodies.

References
1. Indrajit Chowdhury, Shambhu P. Dasgupta (2009), "Dynamics of structure and foundation : a unified approach", Leiden, The Netherlands : Taylor & Francis
2. Hamill P. (2010). Intermediate dynamics. Sudbury, MA : Jones & Bartlett Publishers


SKMU 2312 - FLUID MECHANICS

The aim of this course is to give knowledge and understanding of the principles, nature and basic rules of the fluid and provide the ability to analyze some basic problems of fluid mechanics. This course covers topics such as concepts and fluid properties, fluid statics, control volume integral relations, dimensional analysis, viscous flow in pipes and turbo-machinery. In addition, students will learn the hydrostatic forces and center of pressure, using the Bernoulli equation, laminar and turbulent modes as well as clarification on the selection and operation of the pump.

References
1. Zoeb H., Mohd. Z. A., and Zainal A. (2009). "Basic fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines", India, II : CRC
2. Munson, B.R. Young and D.F. & Okiishi, T.H. (2001). "Fundamental of Fluid Mechanics", 4/e, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
3. White, F.M. (2003). "Fluid Mechanics", 5/e. New York: McGraw-Hill.


SKMU 2412 - THERMODYNAMICS


Thermodynamics is a branch of science that deals with energy. This course introduces the basic concepts such as the phase change process in pure materials, the use of tables and explanation of the nature of thermodynamics system. The topics discussed in this course include terminologies, basic units, properties of pure substances, first and second law of thermodynamics for closed and open system and steady-flow devices.

References
1. .A. Cengel and M.A. Boles (2006). Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 5th Edition in SI Units, McGraw Hill, Singapore
2. M.J. Moran and H.N. Shapiro (2004). Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 5th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., United States of America.
3. R.E. Sontag, C. Borgnakke and G.J. Van Wylen. (2003). Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, 6th Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., United States of America

SKMU 2712 - BASIC PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

This course is related to the basic production/manufacturing techniques. It focuses on some basic level of production technology such as level of manufacturing, materials selection criteria and process, the dimensions and tolerance, including the theory and principles of various manufacturing processes. In addition to classroom lecture learning mode, students are given individual assignments and group projects on related production topics to enhance learning.

References
1. DeGarmo, E.P. et.al.(2002). Material and Process in Manufacturing.8th Ed. Maxwell Macmillan Int. Edition.
2. Zainal, A.A. (1999). Proses Pembuatan (Jilid I).Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
3. Zainal, A.A. (1998). Proses Pembuatan (Jilid II).Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
4. Amstead, B.H. (1987). Manufacturing Processes. 8th Ed. John Wiley & Sons.
5. Haslehurst, M. (1980). Manufacturing Technology. 2nd Ed. ELBS.
6. Kaset Video. Koleksi Perpustakaan Sultanah Zanariah, UTM, Skudai.


SKMU 3612 - MATERIAL SCIENCE


This course provides students with basic knowledge of science and materials engineering in order to understand and to make relation between structural and material properties. Emphasis is given on the bonding between atoms, crystal structure and defects in metals. This course will introduce students to the solidification process of metals and formation process of alloys. In addition students are also exposed to the types of alloy steel, cast iron, ferrous and nonferrous metals. At the end of the course students will be able to use knowledge about the bond between the atoms and the crystal structure to predict the physical and mechanical properties of a material as well as to identify the types of defects in materials.

References
1. Calister, W.D (2007), Materials Science and Engineering (An Introduction), 7th Edn John Wiley Inc,
2. Smith, W.D. (2003), Materials Science and Engineering, 6th Edn, John Wiley and Sons,
3. John, V. B. (1993) Introduction to Engineering Materials, 3rd Edn, McMillan,


SKMU 3812 - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING


This course introduces students to various theories, principles and interests in the field of industrial engineering. It covers issues related to productivity, quality, project scheduling, work study, ergonomics and facility planning. Calculation and quantitative and qualitative measurement will be introduced as an approach before selecting a best alternative. At the end of this course, students can apply various concepts and tools to solve problems that related to industrial engineering.

References
1. Heizer, J. and Render, B. (2007). Operations Management, 9th Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
2. Edward B. M. (2010). "Integrated Product And Process Design And Development : The Product Realization Process 2nd Ed". Boca Raton : CRC Press,

SSCE 1803 - ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Functions of Several Variables: Definition and notation, domain and range, graph sketching, level curves, surface curves, partial derivatives, chain rule, total differential, rates of change, incrementals, error and extrema of functions of two variables. Double Integral: Double integral in rectangular coordinates, determine the limits of integration and changing the order of integration, double integration in polar coordinates, evaluating the area of region and volume of solids, evaluating the mass, centre of gravity, moment and moment of inertia of lamina. Triple Integral: Triple integral in rectangular coordinates, determine the limits of integration and changing the order of integration, evaluating the volume of solids; Triple integral in cylindrical and spherical coordinates of solids, evaluating the mass, centroid, moment and moment of inertia of solids.

References
1. Bradley, G. L., & Smith, K.J., (2009). Calculus, Second Edition, Prentice Hall,.
2. Thomas, G. B., & Finney, R. L., (2008), Calculus and Analytic Geometry, 9th edn., Addison-Wesley




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