ABOUT MEDC JOURNAL
Malaysian Education Deans Council Journal is published biannually by Malaysian Education Deans' Council. It aims to cater for the professional needs and interests of educators in Malaysia and other countries, and to promote the exchange of ideas and experience amongst them as well as their institutions. Such effort hopefully will enhance the standard of education in schools specifically and in Malaysia generally. Unless agreed separately, all accepted papers become the copyright of Malaysian Education Deans' Council. View expressed in the articles of this journal are those of authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the editors. Editorial correspondence, including manuscripts for submission, should be addressed to the Chief Editor, Malaysian Education Deans' Council Journal, Unit Penyelidikan Pendidikan Asas (UPPA), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Details conceding the preparation and submission of articles can be found on the last few pages of the journal.