Letter from editior

First of all, I would like to express my sincere thanks and appreciation to the Malaysian Education Deans’ Council Journal Editorial Board for their hard work in making sure that the fifth volume of this journal is produced on time. I would also like to thank the articles’ contributors and the Advisory Board for their support, encouragement, guidance and advice. The production of this fifth volume was made possible as a result of collaborative and collective efforts of the members of the Malaysian Education Deans’ Council. The council has discussed, conferred and deliberated to produce this journal for a fairly long time under the able chair of Professor Dr. Zakaria Kasa, who has made valuable contribution and put up concerted effort to ensure that the journal materialized.

Eleven  articles have been refereed and chosen for this fifth volume. As it has been decided that this will be a bilingual journal, seven  articles written in Bahasa Malaysia and three  in English have been chosen

The first article reports on a  study  on algebraic problem solving ability  among students and  their views can be categorized into three main approaches, namely generalization, modeling and functional. All these approaches had been practiced and their effectiveness had been proven by researchers in investigating and developing students’ algebraic problem solving ability. The second article discusses the priority aspects of empirical human capital development through academic programs conducted in public university, as well as describe the approaches, mechanisms and implementation problems. Research findings indicate that there were significant differences between the three universities and five programs offered during the implementation aspects of human capital development. In fact, there are certain patterns to give priority in the implementation of certain aspects of human capital development through academic programs among the universities studied. The third article reports on the relationship level of knowledge, attitudes and awareness with principal’s instructional leadership practices.Results  found that there exists a significant relationship between level of knowledge and attitudes, awareness and practice of instructional leadership on the environment.

The fourth article reports  on a study which engages learners in an activity that not only reveals dimensions and depth of learners’ awareness but also acts to promote and enrich their appreciation of mathematical topics. Twenty five students studying A-level and undergraduate engineering, pure mathematics and education were invited to construct relevant mathematical objects meeting specified constraints. Having constructed these objects, learners displayed a range of awareness of the effect of the construction tasks on their understanding of the concepts involved.
The fifth article  illustrates the findings on the study related to the bullying behaviours among male students in secondary schools in Penang. The findings of this study are intended to explain the significance of the bullying phenomenon among male students and its relation to the students’ social status.
. The sixth article   aims at obtaining information on school teachers assessment practice.  An instrument, known as Teachers Assessment Practice Inventory was developed for this purpose. The results showed that the form of assessment that frequently used by school teachers is multiple-choice objective test.  There were significant difference among teachers from different school levels for aspects like developing marking scheme, giving feedbacks of evalution results and the use of written test and the use of other strategies.Comparison among teachers teaching different subject area only have significant difference in written test. The seventh article aims to identify perception of 3rd year student in Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) towards development of higher level thinking via technology integration in the teaching and learning process. Findings of the study showed that student perception on technology integration in hybrid e-training positively helps develop high level thinking. This is evidenced by the statistics showing most of the respondents agreed that technology integration can be applied in the learning process at a higher learning institution.

 The author of the eighth article discusses student teachers’ mastery of the science process skills. The study showed no increase in score, thus indicating that students have  learned little from the teaching. From an item analysis of the test scores, student teachers’ learning difficulties in the science process skills was identified.The ninth article reports  the findings from a study conducted to investigate the environmental values of Malaysian pre-service teachers. The result showed that, majority of students exhibited egocentric value followed by homocentric value compared to ecocentric value. Recognising the importance of ecocentric value in leading sustainable lifestyle, the findings of this paper emphasize the need to inculcate ecocentric value through teaching and learning process. The tenth article highlights the factors that affect school co-operatives progression in  school co-operatives, The studies showed that co-operatives advisors’ background, training and exposure were important factors and are essential in influencing the development of schools’ co-operatives. The eleventh article investigates preservice secondary school mathematics teachers’ knowledge of the relationship between perimeter and area. Finding of the study suggests that most of the preservice teachers’ had a misconception that there is direct relationship between perimeter and area. They thought that two shapes with the same perimeter have the same area.

 We believe that knowledge must be shared and we would like to share the wisdom of these articles with you. We are confident that the articles in this journal will be of great value to our readers. Thank you.

Kebolehan Penyelesaian Masalah Algebra: Masalah dan Pendekatan Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran
(Algebraic Solving Ability: Problems and Approaches in Teaching and Learning)

Lim Hooi Lian

Pembangunan Modal Insan Melalui Program Akademik di IPTA Malaysia: Satu Analisis Pendekatan, Mekanisme dan Masalah Pelaksanaan.

Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah,
Aziah Ismail,
Abdul Rashid Mohamad,
Nor Shafrin Ahmad,
Fadillah Amzah

Hubungan antara tahap pengetahuan, sikap, kesedaran dengan kepimpinan instruksional pendidikan alam sekitar dalam kalangan pengetua di negeri Kedah dan Pulau Pinang.

Azizi Muda
Masitah Mohd.Yusof
Nazifah Shaikh Ismail
Khaidir Alias
Noriati A.Rashid

Example Construction Tasks and Mathematical Generality

Shafia Abdul Rahman
Hubungan antara status sosial murid dengan tahap tingkah laku buli.

Jamalsafri Saibon
Pentaksiran Pembelajaran Pelajar: Amalan Guru-guru di Malaysia

Suah See Ling, Ong Saw Lan dan Shuki Osman

Persepsi mahasiswa terhadap integrasi teknologi dalam pembelajaran untuk membina pemikiran aras tinggi

Rosseni Din
Nur Ayu Johar
Nor Asmaliza Abd Rashid
Muhammad Faisal Kamarul Zaman

Mastery of the science process skills.

Tan Juat Ngoh,
Environmental Value Orientations of Malaysian Pre-Service Teachers

Mageswary Karpudewan1
Zurida Ismail2
Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kemajuan Koperasi Sekolah Di Daerah Kota Setar

Termit Kaur Ranjit Singh
Siti Fasliyaton binti Ghazali
Preservice teachers’ knowledge of the relationship between perimeter and area

Wun Thiam Yew
Sharifah Norul Akmar Syed Zamri



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